Tillandsia

Tillandsia

Life form Herbaceous
Family Bromeliaceae
Origin Tropics and subtropics of America
Ease of cultivation A plant for beginners
The size It reaches a size of up to 20-60 cm.
Growth rate Low growth rate, it grows slowly.
Lifespan Rosette lives about 3-5 years. It is timely to separate the young rosettes for further growing the plant. Do not wait for the complete withering of the mother socket.
Temperature About 71,6-84,2 ° F in summer, in winter – not lower than 62,6-64,4 ° F, the temperature should be relatively constant throughout the year.
Humidity Not less than 60%. It is desirable to daily spray with soft water, not getting on the inflorescence. There must be water in the outlet. The surface of the soil is useful to cover with wet sphagnum. In the flowering period, it is better not to spray, because from excessive moisture, flowers lose their decorativeness.
Lighting Requires a bright place, however shaded from direct sunlight. The penumbra is suitable.
The soil Light fertile soil from a mixture of garden soil, sand, peat moss, it is desirable to add sphagnum. You can use one part peat and coarse sand. Required to drain at least a third of the volume of the pot.
Watering Water in summer abundantly with water at room temperature under the root collar about once a week. In winter, watering is very moderate, if there is always water in the outlet, the land may remain dry.
Fertilizer From spring to autumn, every 2-3 weeks, strongly diluted soluble fertilizers. They are recommended to be poured into the socket. You can spray the leaves with a solution of fertilizers.
Reproduction Offspring from the mother plant are 7-8 cm long. After drying, put the baby in the main substrate, where it is being germinated, and do regularly sprinkling. It should be kept in the shade for the the initial period. If an offspring does not have his own roots, it should be placed under polyethylene for better germination. Scions will bloom only after 2-3 years. You can propagate seeds in a mini-greenhouse at a temperature of 77 ° F, which is sown in a mixture of sand and sphagnum (seeds only slightly sprinkled with soil). Seedlings appear in 2-3 weeks. When they have 2-3 leaves (3-4 months), the seedlings should be dived and transplanted into separate pots.
Bloom Inflorescence is a flattened ear of orange or crimson color. At the same time, 1-2 flowers of violet color are open. Blossoms from September to January.
Transfer Transplant after the purchase at the end of flowering from the transport pot to the main substrate, not deepening the plant. The next transfer is in the separation of children.The root system of the plant is small, so a transplant can only be needed if the plant becomes unstable.
Features of care Damaged leaves must be cut off in time. The plant can be grown without soil on a piece of bark, in which a hole is cut. In this hole is placed a plant whose roots must be wrapped with moss, sphagnum moss. The plant needs a rest period in winter in a humid room.
Difficulties Possible spider mites and mealybugs. At a low temperature, the leaves become soft and droop. With excess moisture, the roots and the base of the stems can rot. Subsidiary rosettes are not formed if the plant lacks nutrients. On the leaves, gray patches may appear as a result of fungal infection. When watering with hard water, the tips of the leaves turn brown. The dying out of the mother socket with time is the natural stage of plant development.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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