Spathiphyllum

Spathiphyllum

Life form Herbaceous
Family Araceae
Origin Tropical America, Philippines
Ease of cultivation Easy to grow plant
The size Depending on the variety from 30 cm to 1 m in height and width.
Growth rate The plant can double its size in one season
Lifespan A perennial plant, from time to time the shrub should be divided.
Temperature In the summer: 64,4-80,6 ° F. In winter, if not watered, can withstand a short-term decrease in temperature to +55,4 ° F, but it is better to maintain the temperature at 60,8 – 64,4 ° F.
Humidity Not less than 50%. In summer it is better to spray at least 3 times a week, and preferably every day with soft water. It is good to put the pot in a tray with wet expanded clay. In dry air, leaves may turn yellow.
Lighting The light should be moderate and indirect. It can adapt to shaded places. Due to direct sunlight the plant can get burns. In winter, the plant needs bright diffuse light.
The soil The plant can grow in humus land with the addition of pine bark, brick crumbs, charcoal. For a mixture of self-cooking should take: 1 part sod land, 1 part coarse sand or perlite, peat, humus and leaf soil. Always use a pot with a hole. Ensure good drainage.
Watering The soil must be constantly moist. Use warm soft water. In summer, water 2-3 times a week. In winter, watering should be limited, watering should be not more often than once a week. You can water the plant from below, but the water from the pan should be drained after a while.
Fertilizer During the growing season every 10-15 days with liquid fertilizer.
Reproduction In late spring, by dividing the rhizome, each part of the plant should have at least 2-3 leaves. Young plants should be separated from the parent plants and kept at a temperature of at least 69,8 ° F in the shade until they grow up. Reproduction by seeds should be carried out at a temperature of at least 69,8 ° F in a mini-greenhouse at high humidity.
Bloom White cob with a veil, blossoms continuously, starting from spring for the whole summer, with high humidity flowers can appear in the winter. The larger the plant, the more it forms flowers. Flowers last long enough, up to several weeks, but they change their color from white to green. After fading, the arrow should be cut off at the base.
Transfer Transplant the plant every year in the spring. The plant is transplanted when the roots occupy the entire earth clod. The transplantation can be accompanied by the division of the plant. True, if a plant has too large a flowerpot, they bloom worse. When the pot is very large, you can only replace the top layer of the soil.
Features of care The plant does not like drafts and gas combustion products. Dry leaves should be cut off at the very base.
Difficulties In the dry air or drafts from the tips of the leaves turn brown at low temperature may curl, leaf margins may become yellow from hard water, white-yellow spots on the leaves, most likely – a sunburn. Leaves droop under insufficient watering (if the plant is immersed in a bucket of water, they will quickly restore the turgor). If the plant does not bloom, the reason may be the need for additional fertilization or poor condition of the roots. It is also possible that the plant has become too large and requires a transplant.Sometimes the plant does not bloom if planted in a too large pot: until the roots master it, bloom is unlikely to be possible. If the leaves are slightly yellowed, most likely, this is the result of exposure to excessive light. The plant is affected by a spider mite, aphids, mealybugs.
Air cleaning Cleans air of harmful impurities of formaldehyde, benzene, trichlorethylene, cleaning chemicals and solvents. One of the most famous plants used to purify air from vapors of alcohol, acetone. According to some data, mold spores are destroyed.
Toxicity It requires caution, like all aroids. The juice of these plants contains oxalate crystals, which when swallowed, can lead to pain and irritation of the lips, mouth and tongue. In severe cases, they can cause breathing problems and swelling of the throat.


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