Eucharis

Eucharis

Life form Grassy onion
Family Amarillidaceae
Origin Colombia, Peru
Ease of cultivation Easy to grow plant
The size Height of 40-60 cm in height.
Growth rate Average
Lifespan With proper care bulbs can last for many years.
Temperature In the summer: 68-77 ° F, in winter (rest period) – + 55,4-59 ° F. For the formation of peduncles raise the temperature to + 64,4-68 ° F. Suitable for growing in cool lobbies.
Humidity Medium, it is desirable to put the pot in a tray with wet gravel.
Lighting Illuminated place, bright diffused light 3-4 hours a day. Western, eastern, southern window with shading approaches. Can grow under artificial lighting.
The soil Fertile, loose soil is suitable. You can take: 1 part of the sod land, 1 part of the compost land, 2 parts of the leaf land, 1 part of coarse sand or perlite. However, the plant is tolerant enough to other types of soil. Good drainage is required. Always use a pot with a hole.
Watering To water abundantly with lukewarm water every 4 days, the soil should not dry out between waterings, but the plant should not also stand in water. By the autumn, watering is reduced, but complete drying of the soil is prevented. In winter, water once a day in 10-12 days, so that the substrate does not dry completely. In early spring, it is useful to stop watering for 1.5 months to stimulate flowering.
Fertilizer Feed with a liquid fertilizer with a high content of potassium once in 2-3 weeks from the start of growth.
Reproduction Separation of bulb-children, which are planted in small pots in a mixture of sand and peat, making a hole about 2.5 cm. Place the pot on non-directional light. After germination, transplant into permanent soil. Put in a more lit place. The first time to water moderately. The size of the pot is increased as the bulb grows. Such a plant blooms for 2-3 years.You can propagate with fresh seeds, which are germinated in a peat-sand mixture.
Bloom Blooms in autumn and winter, late summer. White drooping tubular flowers, similar to daffodils, 3 or more on a long peduncle (50 cm). Cvetonos develops 10-14 days. Adult bulbs can develop 2 peduncles. If you move the period of rest of eucharis at the end of summer – the beginning of autumn, you can achieve a flowering plant in winter.Removal of faded flowers prolongs flowering.
Transfer A large bulb is transplanted every 2-3 years, in March, before the onset of growth. It is better to flower in small pots with a diameter of 25-30 cm, so 5-10 bulbs are planted in each pot. The bulbs are digested and lightly pressed so that its tip is at the level of the soil surface. You can replace only the top layer of the soil every year.
Features of care Summer euharis useful to grow in the garden by planting the bulbs in the ground to a depth of 25-30 cm in March-April. (After the flowering they will have to be excavated from the ground).
Difficulties It is rarely infested with pests, usually thrips and mealybugs. Fight with insecticides. The plant can be affected by a daffodil fly (the bulb rotes), a red burn (red longitudinal spots on the leaves) may occur. The plant does not blossom due to lack of a rest period, either because of insufficient nutrition or lack of light. Flowers melt from sudden temperature fluctuations. Foliar lethargy can arise from both insufficient and excessive watering.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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