Echeveria

Echeveria

Life form Succulent
Family Crassulaceae
Origin Central and South America, from Texas and California to Peru.
Ease of cultivation Easy to grow plant
The size Depending on the type of rosette can reach 10-40 cm in diameter and height.
Growth rate Over the year, several new leaves and small new rosettes are formed in the outlet.
Lifespan Many years
Temperature In the summer: room, up to 80,6 ° F, in winter it is desirable + 44,6-59 ° F, it transfers a short-term decrease in temperature to + 41 ° F. However, the leaves of the plant are sensitive to frosty air.
Humidity Low, no need to spray. However, it is useful to periodically wipe the leaves of uninfected species with a damp cloth to avoid damage to the plant by pests.
Lighting Bright sun, in the winter fit the windows of the south and south-east orientation. In the summer, minor shading is necessary.
The soil Suitable shop soil for succulents, with half of it must be sand. For a mixture of own preparation except sand it is necessary to take equal parts of sod and leaf land. Other composition: 1 part of loamy soil, 1 part of peat, 2 parts of coarse sand. Around the base of the plant you can pour an additional centimeter of sand to improve drainage and creates an even more attractive plants. One-third of the pot must be drained.
Watering The top layer of soil between watering in summer should dry well to a depth of 2.5-5 cm. Excess water from the pan should be drained. The plant can rot when water enters the outlet or if it accumulates in the base of the leaves. From May to September, echoes are watered once a week, until mid-November – once a month, in winter – 1-2 times in the whole winter.
Fertilizer Since early spring, they feed only once a month with liquid fertilizer for succulents in a half dose. Excess nutrients can damage the tender root systems of the plant.
Reproduction Propagate by the branch of a branch outlet, which is easily rooted in the soil mixture. To do this, cut off the young rosette with a sharp knife. Can be propagated by seeds, which are sown in February in a mixture of leaf land and sand (on top of the seeds do not need to sprinkle with soil). Fresh seeds easily germinate after 12-14 days at a temperature of 59-68 ° F. Shoots dive and expose to light. Echeveria multiplies also in spring and summer leaf cuttings. Semi-shrub species can also be propagated by stalk cuttings. Cuttings before planting should be slightly podvyalit.
Bloom Yellow or orange flowers in the form of a bell, grow from the rosette. Blossom in spring or summer, flowering lasts 2-3 weeks. The flowering time can be changed by adjusting the length of the light day (echeverries refer to plants of a short day).
Transfer Usually a young plant is transplanted every year in the spring, in adult plants you can only change the top layer of the soil.
Features of care You should be careful when handling the plant because the leaves of the echeveria are rather fragile. In summer, it is useful to take the plant out into the open air.
Difficulties The base of the rosette of echeveria decays with excessive watering. Echeveria rarely gets sick. Sometimes spider mites, mealy mullet, aphids may appear. However, this plant is very resistant to these pests. The appearance of yellow and brown spots on the leaves can be caused by fungal diseases. If the leaves of the rosette begin to soften, turn yellow and rot from the middle – this is the result of stagnation of moisture in the middle of the rosette (healthy parts of the plant can be used on the cuttings).
Air cleaning
Toxicity

Related posts
Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *