Serissa

Serissa

Life form Bush
Family Rubiaceae
Origin India, China, Japan
Ease of cultivation Easy to grow with little difficulty
The size Usually from 25 cm to 70 m in height. Serice is often grown for bonsai.
Growth rate Average, grows annually by 5-10 cm
Lifespan Perennial plant, 5-50 years.
Temperature In the summer: 64,4-86 ° F, in winter it is better to keep the temperature not higher than 57,2-59 ° F, but not below 53,6 ° F.
Humidity Not less than 50%. It is desirable to spray serissu in the morning and evening. The plant can put the pot in a tray with wet pebbles so that the bottom of the pot does not touch the water.
Lighting A bright place, but not direct sunlight. Suitable for the western or eastern window, the leaves turn yellow in bright light, with a lack of light, the plant grows poorly.
The soil Suitable soil with acidity pH 4.5-5.5. For soil of own preparation it is possible to take equal parts of peat, leaf, humus, turf and sand. It is mandatory to use drainage.
Watering In the summer, abundant regular watering every 3-4 days, the soil should dry up to a depth of 1.5 cm between watering. Use only soft water. In winter, watering moderate no more than 1 time per week. It is required not to fill the plant, but at the same time, the soil should never dry completely, even in winter. For serissa, grown as bonsai, the bottom irrigation from the pallet is useful. After such watering, it is required to drain the water.
Fertilizer From spring to autumn, every month, liquid fertilizer. It is better to use organic top dressing. Mineral fertilizers should be diluted by half with respect to the recommended dose. In winter, do not feed.
Reproduction Propagation by cuttings. Semi-extruded apical cuttings about 10 cm long with 2-3 nodes in a greenhouse (covered with polyethylene) with a lower heating in a mixture of peat and perlite using heteroauxin are used. After rooting (about a month), plant it separately in a pot.
Bloom Small white or pink flowers. Blossom from May to September.
Transfer The plant is transplanted every 2 years in March-April. When transplanting, you can partially cut off the roots. After transplanting, the plant should be kept in the shade for a while.
Features of care The plant is negatively affected by stagnant air, so the room should be periodically ventilated. Lower temperatures in winter make it possible to achieve fruit formation. It is useful to cut weak shoots in spring and pinch the tops of branches for better branching. The dried side branches are cut with scissors. Cropping the lower branches, it is possible to provide fomiation of the plant in the form of a tree.
Difficulties It is affected by spider mites, chervets, aphids, scutes. Quite often there is decay of roots with excessive watering. Serissa does not bloom most often because of a lack of light. However, in case of excessive illumination, a leaf burn is possible. If contain serissa day in the heat, and at night in the cold, it can cause fungal infections. When growing in a heavy substrate, rotting of the root system is possible. The leaves turn yellow, rot and fall off when the soil is waterlogged. In winter, the leaves fall due to lack of light.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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