Scutellaria

Scutellaria

Life form Grassy, ​​bush
Family Labiateae
Origin Costa Rica, Mexico
Ease of cultivation Easy with small difficulties
The size 40-60 cm in height, at home the plant reaches a height of 1 m.
Growth rate Very fast. The plant is often stretched. The sold scutellaria are usually treated with retardants, in the future they dramatically increase their growth.
Lifespan A perennial plant, however, the apartment is grown for about 3 years, then it is necessary to update or sever the crop severely. Often grown as an annual.
Temperature In the summer: 69,8-75,2 ° F, in winter it is better to keep the temperature around 50-59 ° F, otherwise the scutellaria may not survive the winter.
Humidity Not less than 50%. Sprinkle with soft water and keep in moist pebbles, but during flowering during spraying, you can not get on the inflorescence. It is also necessary to regularly wash the leaves of the scutellaria and moisten the air in the room.
Lighting Bright diffused light. The east and west window is suitable. Shade on the southern window. Under insufficient illumination, the scutellaria (the skullcap) does not bloom, and the leaves turn pale.
The soil The soil must be breathable, sand or perlite with peat should be added if it is too dense. To a mixture of homemade should be taken: 1 part of humus, 1 part of coarse sand or perlite and 2 parts of peat or humus (leaf land). Always use a pot with a hole and a powerful drainage (pH 6.6-8.5).
Watering The soil should dry slightly between waterings. It should be feared overflow. In summer it is necessary to water every 3 days. In winter every 10-14 days.
Fertilizer In summer, once every 2 weeks, feed on liquid fertilizer.
Reproduction For reproduction, you can use cuttings obtained in the summer, which have not yet blossomed. The stalk must have at least 2 leaves. Root in a mixture of wet peat and perlite in conditions of high humidity at a temperature of 75,2 ° F, pre-treating the stalk with heteroauxin. It is required to cover the container with polyethylene or glass, which can be removed after about 3 weeks. Young plants pinch. Usually plant 2-4 cuttings in the pot. Also multiplies by seeds.
Bloom Bristly inflorescences, tubular flowers bright red with yellow necks, blooms in summer.
Transfer Every year or 1 time in 2 years in April, if the roots of the plant occupied the whole pot.
Features of care Plants should be regularly cut off, in the spring it is necessary to leave shoots about 5-15 cm. In summer it is good to take out on the street.
Difficulties The tips of the leaves dry out in dry air. The plant does not bloom most often because of insufficient lighting, however, from too bright sun the flowers burn. The leaves become pale when the plant needs fertilizing or lack of light. It is affected by aphids, mites, whiteflies and scutellum.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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