Zantedeschia

Zantedeschia

Life form Herbaceous
Family Araceae
Origin South Africa (Cape, Natal, Transvaal), Lesotho
Ease of cultivation Easy to grow a plant with little difficulty.
The size Leaves up to 60-80 cm long, total height up to 90 cm.
Growth rate Sometimes high enough
Lifespan Perennial
Temperature In the summer: 64,4-71,6 ° F, up to 80,6 ° F, in winter – 44,6-50 ° F. Can tolerate short-term frosts.
Humidity Increased. In summer, spray soft water at least once a day, if the temperature is above 64,4 ° F, avoiding moisture on the flowers; in the period of heating, the content in the wet pebbles.
Lighting In the summer – a bright diffused light, a little direct sun. Can tolerate penumbra. With a lack of light, it will not bloom.
The soil 1 part peat, 1 part clay-turf ground, 1 part humus, 1-2 parts sand. Slightly acidic soils are more suitable. The plant can be grown in pure peat. Required drainage and a hole in the pot.
Watering Summer – 2 times a week, the land of all time must be moist, but not waterlogged and slightly dry between waterings, water should never stagnate in the pan; since the middle of the summer to water more moderately. Until November, water very little. In winter, if the temperature is within 64,4-71,6 ° F, you can water several times in the whole winter.
Fertilizer During the growing season, every two weeks, liquid fertilizer. During flowering, non-root fertilizing with microelements is useful.
Reproduction Propagated by offspring, which are separated from the mother plant in June-July after flowering. They are planted in wide low pots to a depth of 10 cm. With more superficial planting, lodging of leaves is possible.Can be propagated by seeds that are planted in a bowl. Seeds should be fresh. At a temperature of 69,8-80,6 ° F they sprout after a few months. When the seedlings are strong, they are dived and planted after 1.5-2 months. Flowers grown from seeds bloom after 5 years. The plant can be spread by resting buds, rhizome sections. In autumn, the leaves dry completely, the rhizomes are extracted, they are divided with a sharp disinfected knife and the obtained parts are planted in separate containers, dropping a 5-8 cm layer of soil.
Bloom The cob with a blanket of white color, blossom at the age of two years in autumn and blossom all winter. The adult plants bloom in early spring.
Transfer In spring, once in 2-4 years, if the surface of the soil appears roots are transplanted into a larger pot. You can change in November. Calla loves big pots, in small it can not bloom. The landing is shallow to cover the root neck.
Features of care For best flowering calla desirable to remove the small offspring of weak leaves, which develop throughout the year. In summer, it is desirable to keep the plant outdoors in the shade, protecting it from the wind. The plant even can be planted in a garden in shadow, in which case it can achieve very large sizes (up to 1 m). During the growing season should promptly remove faded flowers and leave. After flowering, the plant stops growing and the leaves begin to turn yellow, and the roots continue to develop. The offspring appearing at the base are removed, the yellow leaves are trimmed. After a period of rest (1.5-2 months) calla lilies continue to bloom. Calla lilies can grow hydroponically. When buying callas should pay attention that there are no areas of rot roots.
Difficulties Possible decay of roots, the appearance of dark spots on the leaves with excess moisture or with fungal disease; in drafts, the leaves hang and wither; grinding of leaves and absence of flowering in case of lack of lighting or top dressing. Affected red spider mites, aphids, scale insects, root-knot nematodes, and trpisami. Possible infection with fungal diseases.
Air cleaning
Toxicity It calls for caution as all Araceae.


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