Clivia

Clivia

Life form Herbaceous
Family Amarillidaceae
Origin South Africa, Transvaal
Ease of cultivation Lung
The size Reaches 50 cm in height
Growth rate Average, 5-6 leaves per year
Lifespan Perennial
Temperature In summer: up to 21, in winter it is desirable to keep at a temperature of 46,4-50 ° F, when a flower bud appears, raise the temperature to 59 ° F. A warm winter can adversely affect the flowering.
Humidity Requires medium humidity. It is desirable to spray the plant and weekly to wipe with a soft rag.
Lighting Bright diffused light, penumbra. Suitable north window, east and west with shading from the bright sun. Adapts to varying degrees of illumination.
The soil Fertile, loose soil is suitable. You can take:   2 parts of the turf ground, 1 part peat, 1 part humus.   Good drainage and a pot with a hole is required.
Watering In the period of flowering and growth, the soil should be moist, watered with warm water once a week. In winter, watering sparingly, 1 time per week, watering is increased from the beginning of the development of flower arrows.
Fertilizer Feed with liquid fertilizer once every 10-15 days. Top dressing is stopped in the fall and fertilizer is not applied in winter. The introduction of fertilizer before the beginning of flowering makes it more intense.
Reproduction Branch of the offspring, which are planted in small pots. Small children should have a height of at least 15 cm and their own roots. The size of the pot is increased as the children grow. Can be propagated by seeds at a temperature of 64,4 ° F. Seeds are planted soon after ripening (the period from pollination to maturation of seeds lasts 9-10 months) in a mixture of peat and sand. Seedlings appear in 4-6 weeks. After the formation of the first leaf, the plants are planted in separate 7-cm pots. After 3-4 years, the plants bloom. You can also multiply by dividing the old plant.
Bloom Bright orange-red or pale yellow flowers appear in early February-March
Transfer Young plants transplanted annually. Clivia does not respond well to transplant her roots can break down and rot, so be transplanted adult plant only when the roots do not fit in the old pot. The new pot should not be too big. It is best to change the topsoil every 3-4 years in adult plants.
Features of care The plant has a period of rest, but leaves it does not shed. It is desirable to wipe the plant regularly with a damp sponge after flowering stems are being cut at the base. If given to form seeds, it can badly affect the further flowering.
Difficulties Perhaps the appearance of aphids, scabies, mealybugs. The base of the stem and the roots decay with excessive watering. Blooming flowers may fall as a result of the movement of the plant. The plant does not bloom, or because of the warm winter, or due to light. Light spots on the leaves can be the result of a sunburn. Brown spots appear due to water ingress on the leaves of a plant in the sun. Short spike from the shortage of moisture during its growth or because of low temperature. If the lower leaves turn yellow and wither in autumn and winter, then this is normal in the rest period. The leaves are twisted due to insufficient watering. The plant does not grow and does not bloom in too hot conditions, and sometimes on the contrary because of the extreme cold. The leaves are poorly colored and have few flowers due to a lack of nutrients. Sometimes the yellow spots on the leaves, if they can be brushed off, is the pollen that has fallen from the flowers.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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