Sprekelia

Sprekelia

Life form Grassy onion
Family Amarillidaceae
Origin Mexico, Guatemala
Ease of cultivation Requires a little experience.
The size Reaches 40 cm in height
Growth rate Average
Lifespan Up to 4 years or more.
Temperature In the summer: about 68-71,6 ° F, in winter it is desirable to keep at a temperature of at least + 44,6 ° F.
Humidity Requires high humidity (at least 50%) at an air temperature above 59 ° F. The plant is useful for spraying or placing on a pallet with wet pebbles.
Lighting Illuminated place, bright light, not less than 4 hours of direct sun. The south-west, east and west windows are suitable. It is desirable that the sun hit the plant in the morning.When there is insufficient light, it does not bloom. It should be hidden from too bright sun light.
The soil Friable air-permeable soil (pH 5.5-6.5) is suitable. You can take 1 part of the garden land, 1 part of coarse sand or perlite, 1 part of wet peat or humus (leaf land). Good drainage and a pot with a hole is required.
Watering During flowering and growth, the soil should be moderately moist, watered 1-2 times a week. After the onset of the rest period, stop watering. You can only slightly moisten the bulbs occasionally, if they hibernate in the heat.
Fertilizer Feed the liquid fertilizer with the predominance of phosphorus and potassium every 2 weeks during the flowering and growth period until the leaves dry.
Reproduction Branch when transplanting bulb-children, which are formed around the mother plant. The top of the bulb should not be sprinkled with earth. It is planted to a depth of about 12 cm. New varieties of spreckel may be propagated by seeds. However, such reproduction is rather difficult. After seed reproduction, the sprekelia blooms for the fourth year. To obtain seeds, it is necessary to cut off a part of the peduncles so that the pods mature better. Seeds are shaken in autumn from ripe and dried pods. Transparent seeds should be discarded. they will not germinate. Seeds are sown in a moistened substrate (peat with sand) at a distance of 2.5 cm. Cover the soil with about 7 mm. Germinate in warm, covered with polyethylene. Usually, the seeds germinate after 2 weeks.
Bloom The flower spike is 30 cm long, the flower is one, measuring 8-10 cm, bright red, a bit like an orchid. Blossoms in the spring or early summer.
Transfer Bulbs transplanted once in 2 years in autumn after flowering, the size of the dishes during transplantation does not increase. The pot should be taken shallow, the adult bulb should be buried 2/3 its size.
Features of care The leaves of the sprout appear after flowering. At the end of summer there comes a period of rest, when the plant completely dries the leaves. At the end of winter bulbs are planted in a substrate and at first keep dry until the tip of the developing bud appears. After that you should start watering the plant, also sprekelia then put on the light.Flowering occurs in about 20-25 days.
Difficulties Possible appearance of mealybugs and thrips. Perhaps rotting bulbs, especially newly planted, with excessive watering. The leaves turn yellow due to insufficient humidity. If the plant blooms less, it is obviously necessary to separate it. Approximately every 3 years, it is necessary to separate and plant the daughter and mother bulbs during transplantation.
Air cleaning
Toxicity All parts of the plant are poisonous


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