Cymbidium

Cymbidium

Life form Orchids: epiphytes, terrestrial and lithophytes
Family Orchidaceae
Origin and distribution Southeast Asia
Ease of cultivation Average, requires certain conditions to be met
The size From 50 cm to 1 m, flower spike to 1.5 m
Growth rate High
Lifespan A perennial
Temperature Cymbidium better tolerate cool than hot. For flowering, it is important to ensure a temperature difference in the daytime and at night. In the summer: + 50-86 ° F (it is better that the temperature is not higher than + 86 ° F), in winter + 59 ° F, it can withstand the temperature up to + 41 ° F.
Humidity Medium or high: from 40 to 80%
Lighting Bright diffused light, ideally shaded south or west window.
The soil Used loose substrate for orchids based on bark with the addition of moss, leaf litter. It is possible to add peat.
Watering Watering is more intense in summer, less abundant in winter. We can not allow complete drying, but excessive moisture can lead to decay.
How to fertilize During the growth period for Cymbidium (spring and summer) apply complex fertilizers, which make only during the wet substrate at about every third watering. To bookmark and develop flower buds increase the amount of phosphorus in the feeding. During flowering and for about 2 weeks after he did not fed. Do not use fertilizers containing calcium. Often used foliar top dressing, including micronutrients.
Reproduction Propagation when transplanting by separating and otsazhivaniya pseudobulbs
Bloom There are both large-flowered and small-flowered hybrids. Coloring flowers is diverse, there are all shades, except blue.
Features of care The plant is fairly stable, however, to ensure flowering, it is necessary to have bright illumination and to observe the temperature regime (a low temperature is required at night).
Difficulties Cymbidium often susceptible to fungal infections may root rot if over-watering
Toxicity Cymbidium comprises a quinone, which causes skin rash in some people upon contact with the plant. Therefore, when working with a plant, it is best to wear gloves. It is advisable not to allow contact with the plant of children and domestic animals.


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