Chlorophytum

Chlorophytum

Life form Grassy, ​​ampel
Family Lileaceae
Origin South Africa
Ease of cultivation One of the easiest to grow and one of the most common plants.
The size Not very large plant up to 50 cm in height and in diameter.
Growth rate Very quickly, the young plant becomes an adult for 1 year.
Lifespan More than 10 years, the plant is desirable to update.
Temperature The most comfortable temperature for the plant is 50-64,4 ° F, but it can adapt to different temperatures, the minimum that the plant can withstand – +44,6 ° F.
Humidity Moderate, resistant to dry air, but respond well to spraying once a week, as well as to a shower.
Lighting Light moderate indirect, green varieties Chlorophytum comosum carry a dark room, and in variegated varieties the bright color of the leaves is better manifested in the light. In curly chlorophytum(Chlorophytum comosum variegatum ‘Bonnie’) in the absence of light, leaves become ordinary. In all varieties and species, a more lush shrub and intensive growth is manifested in bright scattered light (east and west window).
The soil Suitable shop soil. For a mixture of own preparation, take: 1 part of the turf ground, 1/2 part coarse-grained sand or perlite and 1 part peat or humus, 1 part of the leaf earth. The soil will be suitable on the basis of turf ground. Always use a pot with a hole.
Watering The soil must be constantly moist, but not too humid. The plant has thick fleshy roots, which rot with an excess of moisture. In the summer, watering every 2-3 days, in winter once a week.
Fertilizer In the summer, once in 2-3 weeks, liquid fertilizer is sufficient.
Reproduction It is easily multiplied by daughter sockets at the end of the air whiskers, which are planted directly into the soil. (Some species – Chlorophytum capense – do not give such outlets). You can propagate by careful division of the bush.
Bloom Small star-shaped flowers on the tip of the air whiskers, which then turn into daughter plants.
Transfer Young plants every year in the spring, old – every 2-3 years, when the roots appear from the drainage hole.
Features of care Old leaves should be cut off, young ones should not be wiped; they are very fragile. It is good to grow in hanging baskets. Prefers ventilated rooms
Difficulties Rarely affected by pests. Perhaps the appearance of scabs, a mealybugs, aphids and spider mites. The brown tips of the leaves indicate a lack of watering, too dry and hot air or lack of food. In variegated varieties, the brightness of the color disappears under insufficient illumination. The edges of the leaves brown and shriveled leaves when there is insufficient irrigation. The plant does not form flowering shoots, if it is too young or grows in a close pot. Too slow growth is observed with insufficient nutrition of the plant.The plant decays in the center from waterlogging. Leaves transparent and soft can become cold
Air cleaning It purifies the air of formaldehyde and benzene. It is attributed to NASA to three types, most effectively purifying the air of formaldehyde. Also removes carbon monoxide and other toxins.
Toxicity


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