Chamaerops

Chamaerops

Life form Tree
Family Areca – Aracaceae
Origin and distribution In the wild, the hamerops grows in the Mediterranean, North Africa. This is one of two types of “European” palms.
Ease of cultivation Lung
The size Height up to 2-3 m, sometimes up to 6 m in nature, at home – up to 1.5 m
Growth rate Average, like all palm trees
Lifespan Perennial
Temperature Summer optimal temperature from + 77-80,6 °   F with regular ventilation. In winter it is desirable to keep the content at a temperature not higher than +59 ° F and not lower than +42,8 ° F.
Humidity In the summer, regular spraying is required, it is also useful to periodically wash and wipe the leaves. In winter, spraying is necessary in case of keeping in hot conditions with heating on.
Lighting For the best growth of the hamerops, it is necessary to be placed in bright light. The plant should be placed near the southern window. Only in the spring period should gradually accustom the palm to the bright light
The soil For a hamerops, soil mixture from soddy land, humus, sand or perlite and peat in equal relations is required. As you grow up, the relative amount of sand in the substrate should be reduced, the soil must be heavier. You can use the ready soil for palm trees
Watering In summer, watering should be abundant as the upper layers of the soil dry out. Water for irrigation should be soft. In winter, reduce watering to prevent root rot, which is especially important when the contents cool palms.
How to fertilize Spring and summer in the period of active growth every 1-2 weeks apply a solution of full mineral fertilizer. In winter, if the palm tree is in the light, use fertilizing about once every 1-1.5 months. If the palm tree is in the dark in cool conditions, it is not being fed in the winter.
Reproduction The main method of reproduction is seed. Before planting, the seeds are soaked for 24 hours. Sow in a mixture of perlite and peat to a depth of about 2 cm. Germinate under the film at a temperature of +77 F. Germination can be quite difficult until 3 months.
Bloom The palm can blossom in spring or early summer. Yellow flowers do not have a decorative value.
Transplant and care Young plants are transplanted every 2-3 years, increasing the size of the pot. However, the palm tree does not tolerate the transplant, therefore, as time passes, it is carried out as rarely as possible. You can only replace the top layers of soil on a fresh substrate. The plant needs a deep pot.
Difficulties Among the main pests should be a spider mite, a scabbard, as well as a root chervetsa. Sometimes the plant is affected by whiteflies.   With insufficient humidity, the tips of the leaves dry out at the palm. With excessive watering and low temperature, brown spots appear on the leaves. With prolonged stagnation of moisture, rotting of the root system is possible. Leaves can turn yellow due to insufficient watering, hard water, lack of nutrients.
Beneficial features Previously, the hamerops were used to weave ropes and ropes
Toxicity Not poisonous


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