Cineraria

Cineraria

Life form Herbaceous
Family Asteraceae (Compositeae)
Origin Canary Islands
Ease of cultivation Medium difficulty
The size Stems up to 30-60 cm in length. Dwarf compact plants are obtained by treatment with growth regulators.
Growth rate High enough: up to 20-30 cm per year.
Lifespan It is usually grown for 1 year and discarded after flowering or is renewed again from the seeds.
Temperature In the summer: it is better to maintain the temperature to 77 ° F in the daytime and 53,6-60,8 ° F at night, in winter – 59-64,4 ° F, the optimum temperature of 53,6-57,2 ° F. If the temperature is too high, the inflorescence falls off more quickly. Long bloom is possible only with cool content.
Humidity The average room humidity is suitable. It is desirable to spray the air around the cineraria from time to time, without getting on its flowers.
Lighting Cineraria needs Russenia bright light, but too bright sunlight quickly withered inflorescence; suitable and partial shade.
The soil For Cineraria, a suitable soil mix based on peat (pH 6), sheet earth, sand or perlite is required for a fertile mixture. You can use the stores substrate for plants. Always use a pot with an opening and drainage.
Watering The watering of the cineraria should be moderate, in summer approximately every 4-6 days, the soil should be slightly moistened at all times. At watering it is impossible, that water got on flowers. However, it is also not possible for the water to stagnate in the pan; The excess moisture leads to decay of the roots. If waterlogged or dried, the plant may die.
Fertilizer Cineraria is fed with fertilizer solution approximately once every 2 weeks. However, the use of fertilizing for a plant grown as an annual crop is not necessary.
Reproduction Easily propagated by seeds that have good germination, which persists for 3-4 years. Sowing can be carried out from July to November at a temperature of 68-71,6 ° F. Seeds germinate in 10-12 days. After the appearance of the second leaf, the seedlings are dived. The plant blooms usually in the same winter.
Bloom Blooms from January to April. Forms white, pink, red, blue, purple inflorescences-baskets, similar to daisy flowers.
Transfer Cineraria are mainly grown as annuals, therefore transplantation is usually not required.
Features of care Cineraria needs to be ventilated, because does not like stagnant air. The plant can be grown outdoors. It is timely to remove the discolored baskets and damaged leaves. You should buy plants with a small number of blossoming flowers and a lot of buds.
Difficulties It is most commonly affected by aphids. As a rule, the plant dies after flowering. Also affected whiteflies and mealy dew. If water gets on the leaves or baskets they can cause gray mold.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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