Choisya

Choisya

Life form Bush
Family Rutaceae
Origin Mexico
Ease of cultivation For an experienced florist.
The size It can reach a height of 1.5-2 m.
Growth rate An adult plant can grow by several centimeters per year.
Lifespan Perennial plant, 10-20 years old
Temperature In summer: room temperature, in high heat conditions, high humidity is required, in winter cool content is required at a temperature of 41-59 ° F. A short time, choisia can tolerate even minus temperatures.
Humidity Although choisia tolerates dry apartment air, it sometimes requires spraying with soft water at room temperature, in winter it is sprayed at high temperatures.
Lighting A bright diffused light is required. The south, west and east windows are suitable. On the southern window should be shaded from the midday rays. In the absence of light, hoisia will not bloom
The soil Requires rich humus soil with the addition of peat and sand (pH 5.5-6.5).   For a soil of own preparation to take:   2 parts of humus, 1 part of coarse sand or perlite, 1 part peat or humus ground sheet portion 1, can add coal pieces. Good drainage is required.
Watering Abundant, in the summer every 3-6 days. The land should dry slightly between waterings, in no case should water stagnation be allowed. During winter, it should be watered occasionally, not allowing the drying of the earthy coma.
Fertilizer During growth, fertilizer is applied every 2 weeks. For hoizii it is very good to use organic fertilizers (for example, slurry), alternating them with mineral fertilizers
Reproduction The apical half-aged cuttings in February and August at a temperature of 68 ° F (rooted for 3 weeks). Cuttings (8-12 cm long) are rooted in a mixture of peat and sand. The lower pair of leaves are removed, and the cut is processed with a rootstock. For rooting, cover the stalk with a film. The rooted plant is transplanted into pots with a diameter of 7 cm and placed on scattered light. In the future, as the growth is done, transshipment. Usually hoizia blooms in 2 yearsCan be propagated by seeds, which are planted in separate pots in a mixture of wet peat with sand to a depth equal to the value of one or two diameters of the seed itself, sprouted, covered with a plastic bag, at a temperature of at least 77 ° F, constantly moisturizing. Seedlings grow unevenly, after emergence, the pots are transferred to a bright spot, when the seedlings reach 5 cm, they remove the packet. After the seedlings grow to 12 cm, they are transplanted into larger pots.
Bloom Small white fragrant flowers with a citrus scent, collected in umbellate inflorescences. Flowering occurs usually in May – June, can blossom again at the end of summer.
Transfer Until the age of three are transplanted annually in the spring in a pot at 2-3 cm more than the previous, not buried root collar. The old plants are transplanted every 2-3 years.
Features of care Requires regular pruning after flowering, removing old damaged leaves. In summer, you can take out on the street, a little shading from the bright light.
Difficulties It is affected most often by spider mites. Sometimes it is affected by root rot when grown in too heavy soil. The lower leaves turn yellow and fall off as a result of the process of natural aging. With a lack of magnesium and iron, yellowing of the leaves is possible. The leaves are light green, new shoots are strongly stretched in the absence of light or nutrients. Leaves and buds fall off with a lack or excess of moisture.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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