Zamia

Zamia

Life form Gymnastic
Family Zamiaceae
Origin Subtropical America
Ease of cultivation Not very easy to grow a plant, but it can successfully grow with a florist with little experience,
The size Up to 1.8 in width and height in room conditions.
Growth rate Very low – often no more than 1 leaf per year, occasionally the plant gives 2 leaves.
Lifespan Perennial
Temperature In summer and winter: optimum 60,8-75,2 ° F. Zamia is thermophilic, it can withstand temperatures of 30,2 ° F, but for a short time.
Humidity Suitable medium and low humidity
Lighting The bright diffused light, it is best to place the plant in the south-west or south-east window, it is even better to take the plant in the garden in the summer and place it in the penumbra. From direct sunlight it is necessary to shade. For uniform development of the crown, it is desirable to periodically turn the plant. It tends to asymmetric development.
The soil Ready-made primer “Palma” is suitable. Requires heavy clay soil with an admixture of organic, peat and sand. To take a lot homemade: 2 parts of humus, 1 part humus, 1 part of wet peat and humus (leaf earth), 1 part of coarse sand or perlite. Requires a pot with a hole and good drainage.
Watering In the summer, every 6-15 days. It must be ensured that water does not accumulate in the pan. The soil between watering should dry a little (to a depth of 2-5 cm), the plant should not be poured. Watering should be substantially reduced in winter.
Fertilizer Feed 1 time in spring and 1 time in summer.
Reproduction It is possible to replicate with fresh seeds, which can not be obtained in room conditions. it is necessary to cross-pollinate male and female plants, but seeds can be purchased at the store. Seeds very quickly lose their germination (about a month), so immediately after their acquisition they are soaked overnight in water (its temperature is 86-95 ° F), sown in a mixture of peat and perlite (sand), lightly sprinkled with earth and sprouted under the film at a temperature 68-77 ° F. Each day, the greenhouse should be ventilated, taking off the film for 5 minutes. After germination, remove the film and put it in a lighted place. Seeds germinate very slowly (1-3 months) and seedlings grow just as slowly. The size of an adult zamia plant reaches only a few years. (One should be careful: seeds of zamia are poisonous!)
Bloom Does not bloom. Instead of inflorescences, it forms cones in the form of cones.
Transfer Young plants are transplanted as they grow into a larger pot. Adults – no more often than once in 4-6 years, it is better to change only the upper layer of the soil every year.The pot should be heavy to avoid turning over such a large plant.
Features of care Avoid getting moisture in the base of the plant, which can cause it to rot. The most intensive growth of zamia occurs in the spring. At this time, it needs the brightest light. In the summer it is desirable to take a zamiu on the street. Zamiyu not want to trim, but need time to remove old dead leaves. Leaves should be wiped periodically with a damp cloth.
Difficulties It is affected in conditions of low humidity by a spider mite, scutes. Gradual drying of the lower leaves is a natural process.Yellowing of leaves or their sharp fall is due to insufficient watering. Excessive watering and stagnant moisture leads to root rot.
Air cleaning
Toxicity When working with a mortgage, you should follow the precautionary measures. the plant is poisonous. Eating, especially in large quantities, can cause serious consequences for the heart, liver, kidneys or brain.


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