Kalanchoe

Kalanchoe

Life form Succulent
Family Crassulaceae
Origin Distribution area – from the Arabian Peninsula to South Africa
Ease of cultivation Easy for growing a plant
The size Depending on the type from 6 cm to 2 m in height.
Growth rate A flowering plant is formed from cuttings in one season.
Lifespan Many years, however, the plant requires rejuvenation.
Temperature In the summer: room, up to 80,6 ° F, in winter it is desirable not higher than 59 ° F, otherwise it should move the plant away from the radiators. From frosty air, leaves can deteriorate, and at too high temperatures in autumn and winter, flower buds are not laid.
Humidity Low. However, most species will not be damaged by spraying in the summer. Exception – species with velvety leaves, their spraying can lead to decay of the leaves.
Lighting Bright sun, in the winter fit the windows of the south and south-east orientation. In the summer, you need to shade, because with too bright light, the leaves can turn red and burns appear on them. For better flowering, it is desirable, starting from August, to provide the plant with a duration of illumination not more than 9 hours (during the rest of the day you can cover the plant with a dark cap).
The soil Suitable shop soil for succulents with a small addition of sand. For a mixture of own preparation, take:   3 parts of coarse sand or perlite, 2 parts of turf ground, 2 parts of humus (leafy earth), 2 parts of peat. The soil should not be heavy, good drainage is necessary.
Watering The top layer of soil between waterings in the summer should dry up well. Water approximately every 5-10 days, in November and February 1-2 times a month with soft water. Excess water from the pan should be drained.
Fertilizer During growth, every 2-3 weeks to feed fertilizer for cacti, flowering in the winter, fertilize for flower plants in a half dose.
Reproduction Easily propagates apical shoots 8-10 cm long, which should be taken in the spring from the branches of the current growth. Can be treated with heteroauxin. Root in peat, sand under polyethylene, periodically ventilating at a temperature of 68-71,6 ° F. Sand from time to time spray. Rooted cuttings are transplanted into separate pots and placed in conditions of bright scattered light. The tips of the shoots are pricked after the appearance of the third pair of leaves. Also propagate with a separate sheet.Can reproduce by seeds, which are rather small. Seeds are sown in February in a mixture of leaf land and sand (on top of the seeds do not need to be sprinkled with earth) and germinate at a temperature of 68-71,6 ° F. Fresh seeds germinate in 1-2 weeks. Shoots dive and expose to light. The second pick is held in early summer. The plnat very easily multiplies by daughter plants, which are formed on the leaves. If a leaf is hung on the wall, the leaf will begin to dry out gradually, but small baby plants will begin to appear along the edge of the brood buds.
Bloom Blossoms from November to March. Tubular or campanulate flowers of various colors, often collected in inflorescences
Transfer In the spring after flowering, depending on the volume of the roots: in some cases every year, choosing a pot of a larger size, small plants are transplanted less often.
Features of care Kalanchoe of Blossfeld re-blooms less abundantly. Sometimes it needs a rest period, after which the plants are exposed to bright light, and it blooms. After flowering, as soon as half of the flowers wither, the flower spike should be cut to stimulate the development of new peduncles. When watering, water should not fall on the base of the leaves and the center of the bush to avoid the development of parasitic fungi. The plant is better groomed by periodically pricking the tips of growing shoots. The leaves of the Kalanchoe are quite fragile and easily broken.
Difficulties It is affected by spider mites, mealybugs, scutes, aphids. Flowering plants are prone to powdery mildew (moldy and blackened areas on the leaves). Root rot is possible with excessive watering. If the lower leaves turn yellow and fall off, most often this is the natural aging process of the plant. However, the lower leaves can turn yellow and dry up due to insufficient soil moisture. Leaves fade, the stems and sinuses of the leaves turn black and rotten as a result of the appearance of the fungus, which develops due to overmoistening of the soil. Plants are stretched strongly because of lack of light. The plant may not bloom due to high temperatures in autumn and winter. Sometimes strong growth and lack of flowering can be associated with an excess of fertilizer in the soil. Leaves wilt most often because of waterlogging. If after flowering new leaves develop very small, this indicates the need for a transplant. Slow growth of plants can be associated with a lack of nutrition. Sometimes a plant withers for no apparent reason because of the development of the rootbug, which can be seen only when transplanting the plant.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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