Xanthosoma

Xanthosoma

Life form Herbaceous plant
Family Araceae
Origin Central America, Colombia, Mexico
Ease of cultivation Easy to grow a plant with little difficulty.
The size At home, it can reach a size of up to 1.5 meters.
Growth rate It grows pretty quickly.
Lifespan Perennial
Temperature Pretty heat-loving plant. In the summer: 64,4-82,4 ° F, in winter it is better to keep the temperature at least 59 ° F.
Humidity It is preferable to maintain a humidity of at least 60%. In summer it is better to spray at least 3 times a week (or better every day), in winter, keep away from radiators and periodically wipe the leaves with a damp cloth, it is also useful to keep the pots in a pan with wet claydite. Although the plant is fairly stable and adapts to the drier air, conditions of high humidity will ensure its optimal growth.
Lighting He prefers scattered light, partial shade. It is necessary to make shade from bright light.
The soil For the soil of own preparation, take: 1 part of sod land, 1 part of coarse-grained sand or perlite, 3 parts of leaf land. Or – 1 part turf, 1 part leaf, 1 part peat earth, 1/2 of sand (pH 6,1-6,5). Always use a pot with a hole
Watering In spring and summer, plenty of soft water at room temperature 2-3 times a week, in winter – not more than 1 time in 7-8 days. The soil should dry slightly (to a depth of about 1 cm) between waterings. If the air temperature is very low, the plant should be kept dry.
Fertilizer In spring and summer 1 every 3 weeks with liquid fertilizer in half the concentration. It is useful to use organic fertilizing (slurry).
Reproduction Spead by division of rhizomes, cutting them with an acute knife, is also propagated by the separation of young offspring. The cut is sprinkled with charcoal to prevent decay, then rooted at a temperature of 68-75,2 ° F.
Bloom Cob with a veil, almost no flowers at home, flowers do not have much value.
Transfer Young plants are transplanted every year in April, sometimes 2 times a year, if they grow very fast. Adult plants are transplanted once in 2-3 years, when the rhizomes completely fill the pot. Large roots ksantozomy be deposited into a separate pot, the smaller can be planted several in one pot.
Features of care It is necessary to remove damaged leaves in a timely manner.
Difficulties Affects a spider mites in dry air, it is also possible the appearance of a scab, aphids. Leaves can turn pale and get burned from excess sunlight, with a lack of lighting, the color disappears from variegated varieties. The leaves turn yellow, but they do not fade when the plant is undernourished. Appear on the leaves brown spots, and on the tips and edges appear brown spots too dry air. The stems can decay with excessive watering. Drops on the tips of the leaves indicate a high humidity in the room.
Air cleaning
Toxicity You should be careful when handling the plant since all parts of the plant are poisonous.


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