Trachycarpus

Trachycarpus

Life form Tree
Family Aracaceae
Origin Burma, China, India
Ease of cultivation Relatively easy to grow a plant, one of the most unpretentious palm trees.
The size From 60 cm to 3 m in a pot
Growth rate Quite low, like most palm trees.
Lifespan Perennial plant, can live for more than 10 years in cool wintering conditions.
Temperature In summer: the upper limit is + 75,2 ° F. The optimum temperature is + 64,4-69,8 ° F. It requires a cool wintering at a temperature of + 53,6-60,8 ° F, a minimum temperature of + 44,6 ° F, the palm is rather cold, it can withstand a temperature of 32 ° F or lower for a short time.
Humidity Not less than 40%. In winter, when the heating is switched on, the trachycarpus should be sprayed daily.
Lighting Bright light, suitable for cultivation near the southern window with shading from too hot sunlight.
The soil Ready ground is suitable   “Palm”. For a soil of own preparation to take:   2 parts of sod land, 2 parts of wet peat, 2 parts of humus (leafy earth), 1 part of coarse sand or perlite (pH 5.5-7.5). For heavily overgrown plants is better to use heavier soil in a high content of turf land. Requires a pot with a hole.
Watering Abundant in the summer, every 3 days, you need to pour the excess water from the pan. Trachycarpus does not tolerate too moist soil. In winter, at a temperature of + 53,6 ° F, watering should be more rare – once in 10 days, the soil should be hardly damp.
Fertilizer From spring to autumn, regularly fed once every 2-4 weeks with a soluble fertilizer for palms with an increased content of magnesium.
Reproduction It is possible to propagate with fresh seeds that are soaked overnight in water, are sown in a mixture of peat and perlite and germinate under the film, deepening to a depth of 1 cm, at a temperature of 75,2 ° F. The first leaf appears after 2-3 months, sometimes sprouting can last for 1 month. Then remove the protective film. Seedlings grow rather slowly, so this method of reproduction is used infrequently.
Bloom In the summer forms short orange-yellow fragrant inflorescences.
Transfer In spring, young specimens are transplanted annually, increasing the size of the pot until its diameter reaches 30 cm. The pot should not be too deep. In the future, transplanted every 4 years, if the roots appear on the surface of the soil or sprout from the bottom of the pot. In large specimens, it is sufficient to change the top layer of the soil annually.
Features of care In the summer it is desirable to take out on the street, staying in the rain is useful for palm trees. After intense heat, it is useful to wash the plant in the shower in the evening.Requires regular (1 time per month) rubbing the leaves. The dried parts of the leaves must be cut off in time.
Difficulties It is affected by a spider mite, chervets, shields. Sometimes parasitic fungi cause the death of the apical bud. The growth of the palm tree slows down, and the leaves can turn yellow with insufficient nutrition. The lower leaves die with the age of the plant. This is a natural process. The tips of the leaves dry in conditions of too dry air. With excessive moistening, brown spots appear on the leaves, in this case the leaves can also turn yellow, with prolonged waterlogging of the soil, root rot develops, the plant can die. In conditions of too high a temperature in winter, the leaves can turn yellow. The cause of the appearance of yellow leaves can be watering with hard water.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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