Tacca

Tacca

Life form Liana
Family Dioscoriaceae
Origin India, Malaysia
Ease of cultivation For an experienced florist
The size Length of shoots in room conditions up to 60 cm.
Growth rate High
Lifespan Perennial
Temperature In the summer: not lower than 71,6-77 ° F, in the winter not below + 64,4 ° F.
Humidity Requires high humidity – 60-90%. However, as a result of spraying, yellow spots may appear on the leaf surface, the edges of the leaves may turn brown. Therefore, it is better to place the plant in a pallet with wet claydite or to increase the moisture in other ways.
Lighting A bright place, a bright diffused light. Better is the window facing west or east, you should shade the plant from too bright sun to avoid the appearance of burns.
The soil Suitable is a light breathable weakly acidic soil (pH 4.5-6.5). 1 part of sod land, 1 part of leaf land, 2 parts of coarse sand or perlite, 1 part of wet peat or humus. Good drainage is required.
Watering In summer, abundant watering with warm soft water is required, the top layer of the soil between the watering should dry up. Water should be drained from the pan. Signal to watering should serve slightly drooping, lost turgor leaves. Soil must never dry up completely. In September-October, the takka can be in a period of rest. In this case, it should be watered very carefully about once every 3 weeks.
Fertilizer From spring to autumn every 2-3 weeks with liquid fertilizer. From September to March, they feed 1 time per month.
Reproduction Most often, children reproduce radical leaves, they are separated from the mother plant, when they form 4-5 leaves. Slices are sprinkled with coal. Probable multiplication by seeds, which very quickly lose their germination, so it must be fresh. Before sowing, the seeds are soaked in a thermos in warm water (+ 86-95 ° F). Sow in March-April in a slightly acid mixture of wet earth and sand to a depth of 2-3 mm and germinate in the light (if necessary, use artificial luminescence) at a temperature of + 82,4 ° F, covering with polyethylene and periodically watering. Sprouts may appear within 1-9 months. Growing up to 7.5 cm seedlings planted in a mixture of peat and sand (at least 10%). Takka, obtained from seeds, blooms in 3-4 years.
Bloom Blossoms throughout the year. Small button-like flowers are collected in the center of the inflorescence, which is surrounded from the outside by huge bracts of almost black color. Down from the flowers hanging threads 40-70 cm long. Flowers can appear when the plant has developed at least a couple of large leaves.
Transfer Early spring times of 2-3 years. The pot volume should be slightly larger than the previous one, but it should never be too large. It is better to use a wide shallow pot. For large plants require ceramic pots to plant is not turned over. When transplanting, you can remove part of the foliage to reduce the load on the roots.
Features of care In summer, the plant should not be taken out to the garden or to the balcony. Takka can not stand drafts. At the same time, it needs good air circulation. She needs a lot of space to grow. Takku is useful to wash in the shower with warm water 2-3 times a week, but the water should not get on the soil, which should be covered with polyethylene. After the shower, the plant should stay in the bathroom for a while to dry out. As necessary, dry leaves and wilted flowers should be removed.
Difficulties It is affected quite rarely by red spider mites. In dry air, the tips of the leaves become brown and break off. The tips of the leaf blades darken, but remain soft in excess watering. Also, the root system can decay from waterlogging.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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