Synadenium

Synadenium

Life form Shrub, grassy
Family Euphorbiaceae
Origin Particularly common in East Africa
Ease of cultivation Usually the lungs for growing a plant
The size They reach heights of 1.5 m or more, but it is desirable to form the plant and prune
Growth rate Very high, can give up to 20-25 cm per year and more.
Lifespan Perennial plant
Temperature In the summer: 68-71,6, up to 86 ° F, in winter 50-53,6 ° F. The temperature should not be lower than 41-42,8 ° F.
Humidity Plants do not require high humidity and spraying. On the contrary, when moisture gets on the leaves and stems, their decay is possible. Nevertheless, it is desirable to place them away from radiators in winter.
Lighting A bright place. Prefer the southern window and direct sunlight.
The soil 1 part of the turf ground, 1 part peat, 1 part humus, 1 part sand. Good drainage is required. In the soil you can add brick crumb and charcoal.
Watering In the summer approximately once a week, the soil between watering should dry up. Sinadenium stores moisture in succulent stems, so the overflow is harmful for him. In autumn and spring, water about once every 15 days. In winter, watering is reduced to 1-2 times a month.
Fertilizer From spring to autumn, once a month, liquid fertilizer for cacti.
Reproduction The apical cuttings are about 12 cm long with 4-5 leaves, they are cut from the top of the shoot, wait about 2-3 days for a protective film to form on the cut. To stop the selection of milky juice, place a slice for several minutes in warm water, the cut can be powdered with ground pepper or charcoal. Cuttings are planted in a mixture of peat and sand, you can add charcoal. Place on a bright place and germinate at a temperature of not less than 68 ° F. You can root the stalk in the water.Seeds are sown in a mixture of sand and foliage, germinate in a bright place at a temperature of 64,4 ° F. The first picking is carried out after emergence (per 1 cm), after sprouting spend another pick (3 cm).
Bloom Blossom in winter with small round red flowers, collected in racemose inflorescences.
Transfer In the spring, annually.
Features of care In spring (early March), in stretched plants, it is possible to trim shoots to half their length to form a crown. If the sidenium has fallen leaves, then they will not be restored, shoots should be cut off better.
Difficulties It is affected most often by a mealybug, and also by a scabbard, a spider mite. With a lack of light, the shoots of the sinadium are strongly stretched. When excess watering and in the cold, as well as with a lack of moisture, the lower leaves fall off. Leaves may also fall off from a lack of phosphorus in the soil. Stalk rots with excess watering at low temperature. Leaves wither, stem wrinkles from lack of moisture.
Air cleaning
Toxicity Species of this genus can be harmful to animals. have a poisonous milky juice. It is impossible that the milky juice gets on mucous membranes, in eyes and on wounds. has a strong irritant effect.


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