|Origin||Distribution area – Europe, the Caucasus, Southeast Asia.|
|Ease of cultivation||Easy to grow, almost maintenance-free.|
|The size||Depending on the type of rosette can reach 18 cm in diameter.|
|Growth rate||Over the year, several new leaves and small new rosettes are formed in the outlet.|
|Lifespan||For many years, even those species in which the leaf rosette dies after flowering, one can continue to cultivate.|
|Temperature||In the summer: room, up to 80,6 ° F, in winter it is desirable + 53,6-59 ° F, it transfers a short-term decrease in temperature to + 41 ° F, however, the leaves of the plant are sensitive to frosty air.|
|Humidity||Low, no need to spray. However, it is useful to periodically wipe the leaves with a damp cloth to avoid damage to the plant by pests.|
|Lighting||Bright sun, in the winter fit the windows of the south and south-east orientation. In the summer you need a small pritenenie.|
|The soil||Suitable shop soil for succulents, with half of it must be sand. For a mixture of own preparation except sand it is necessary to take equal parts of sod and leaf land. Other composition: 1 part of loamy soil, 1 part of peat, 2 parts of coarse sand. Around the base of the plant you can pour an additional centimeter of sand to improve drainage and creates an even more attractive plants. One-third of the pot must be drained.|
|Watering||The top layer of soil between watering in summer should dry well to a depth of 2.5-5 cm. Excess water from the pan should be drained. The plant can rot when water enters the outlet or if it accumulates in the base of the leaves.|
|Fertilizer||Since early spring, feed only once a month with liquid fertilizer in a half dose. Excess nutrients can damage the tender root systems of the plant.|
|Reproduction||Propagate by the branch of a branch outlet, which is easily rooted in the soil mixture.
Can be propagated by seeds, which are sown in February in a mixture of leaf land and sand (on top of the seeds do not need to sprinkle with soil). Fresh seeds germinate easily after 2-6 weeks. Shoots dive and expose to light.
|Bloom||Yellow, pink, white, purple, red flowers. Blooming in summer, flowering lasts 2-3 weeks.|
|Transfer||They are usually transplanted every spring in the event that the pot becomes small for the plant and the roots are shown.|
|Features of care||To prevent the appearance of pests, it is useful to spray the juvenile soap solution. To do this, you can dilute 2 tbsp. soap in 1 liter of water (you can add 1 teaspoon grated garlic or 1 tsp spicy hot pepper sauce) and sprinkle once a 2 weeks.
After flowering, which happens approximately once in 3 years, the mother plant dies off, after which it is removed, and the pit is filled with a mixture of sand and earth.Usually by this time the old plant is surrounded by many young rosettes.
|Difficulties||The base of the rosette was young, rotting with excessive watering.
Sempervivum is rarely affected by pests, sometimes spider mites, mealy mullet, aphids may appear. However, this plant is very resistant to these pests. The appearance of yellow and brown spots on the leaves can be caused by fungal diseases. If the leaves of the rosette begin to soften, turn yellow and rot from the middle – this is the result of stagnation of moisture in the middle of the rosette (healthy parts of the plant can be used on the cuttings).