Pyrostegia

Pyrostegia

Life form Liana
Family Bignoniaceae
Origin and distribution Of the four members of the genus massively cultivated pirostegiya beautiful (Pyrostegiavenusta). Its homeland is South Brazil, the northern regions of Argentina and Paraguay.
Ease of cultivation Lung
The size In nature up to 15 m
Growth rate High and medium
Lifespan Perennial
Temperature The optimum temperature of the content is +57,2-78,8 ° F, in winter the temperature should not be lower than + 50 ° F, although the plant can withstand the influence of even minus temperatures.
Humidity Desirable increased humidity, the plant must be regularly sprayed.
Lighting Bright light, direct sun. Optimal placement of plants on the southern or western window.Can tolerate penumbra, but it grows much better and blooms in sufficient light.
The soil Pirostegiya undemanding to the soil, the substrate must be breathable. For example, you can use a mixture of 1 part of light turf ground, 1 part peat and 1 part humus, 1 part leaf land, 1 part coarse sand or perlite, you can add bits of coal. Good drainage is required.
Watering A moderate regular watering is required, in the summer every 2-3 days. The plant does not tolerate excessive moisture. But we should not wait for the wilting of leaves between waterings, as this may, ultimately, lead to the death of the plant.
How to fertilize During the growing season, a complex mineral fertilizer is used approximately once every 2-3 weeks. However, excess nitrogen in the soil can cause a lack of flowering.
Reproduction Propagated by seeds or semi-woody cuttings, which are rooted in a mixture of peat with sand.
Bloom Pirostegiya blooms in autumn and winter, formed tubular flowers are orange-red.
Transplant and care Young plants are transplanted annually into a larger pot. In the future, the transplant is carried out every 2-3 years.   Requires regular pruning, which stimulates branching and abundant flowering. The plant requires a support, for example, stairs, gratings.
Difficulties Affected spider mites, scale insects, aphids, whitefly. In general, the plant is quite stable.With excessive watering in cold conditions, rotting of the root systems is possible. The plant does not bloom in low light. With insufficient watering leaves droop, buds fall.
Beneficial features In Brazilian traditional medicine, leaves are used as a tonic and for the treatment of diarrhea.
Toxicity There are no reliable data on the toxicity pirostegii for humans and animals.


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