Platycerium

Platycerium

Life form Fern
Family Polypodiaceae
Origin Australia, South India, Africa
Ease of cultivation Easy to grow plant
The size Up to 25 cm in height, the length of the leaves to 50-60 cm.
Growth rate Not very high: 2-3 leaves per year.
Lifespan Perennial
Temperature In summer: 71,6-82,4, in winter 59-68 ° F, the minimum temperature for P.grande is 64,4 ° F. The plant is thermophilic.
Humidity High, not less than 60%. The pot should preferably be placed in a pallet with wet claydite or with moist peat or sprayed 2 times a day with warm and soft settled water. It is especially important if there is high humidity at a temperature above 68 ° F. Poorly transfer dry air from radiators.
Lighting Bright diffused light or partial shade. Ideally a window facing east. Can grow under artificial lighting. Impresses the conditions of the shading, but the growth is slowed down.
The soil Suitable shop soil for ferns, it must be loose and breathable. For a mixture of own preparation, take equal parts of peat, leaf land and sand. It is better to add peat moss andcharcoal, may be a bit of pine bark. Good drainage is necessary (1-2 cm).
Watering Required abundant watering, but overflow is not permissible, it is desirable to water when the top layer of the soil dries. It is better to place the plant in water with a pot of water for 15 minutes, then drain it. This watering becomes the only possible, when large sterile leaves completely cover the surface of the soil in the pot. The plant is harmful as an excess of moisture, and drying. In summer, water every 7 days, in winter – every 10 days.
Fertilizer During growth, once a month, feed two times diluted with fertilizer.
Reproduction It can be propagated by lateral offspring, which sometimes appear to have their own roots. It is quite difficult and rarely reproduces by spores, it is necessary to use a miniteplike with bottom heating. Disputes should be put in an envelope and dried. Then put a brick in a plastic box or another vessel and wet peat on its surface. Pour distilled water to a height of about 5 cm. Sprinkle spores on the peat surface and cover the container with glass or a plastic lid. Constantly maintain the desired level of water. Place the container in low light conditions. A few months later, green moss will appear on the surface of the peat, and then leaves. Plant plants should be when they reach 5 cm in height.
Bloom Ferns do not bloom
Transfer The root system of the plant is small, so transplant as the pot volume is filled, every 2-3 years at the end of February or the beginning of March. Do not depress the plant, as well as place too superficially. Transplant very carefully, trying less to disturb the roots. It is better to use wide low pots.
Features of care In the summer it is desirable to take out on the balcony or in the garden in the shade. Suitable for suspended flower pots. Leaves can not be wiped, t. on their surface there are small scales. In no case can the sterile dry leaves dry at the base of the plant. The Platycerium can be grown in the bark by wrapping the roots with wet sphagnum.
Difficulties It is struck by a scabbard, thrips, aphids, spider mites. Slow growth of the plant can be observed with too small a pot volume. The leaves are covered with brown spots in conditions of heat and dryness, and completely become brown in dry air and in dry soil. The leaves become faded and flaccid with excessive light. Spore (green) leaves can rot and fall off in too humid conditions at low temperatures.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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