Philodendron

Philodendron

Life form Grassy, ​​bushy, liana
Family Araceae
Origin Brazil, Tropical America, Antilles
Ease of cultivation Easy
The size At home from a few centimeters to 2-3 m depending on the type.
Growth rate Very quickly: up to 60 cm – 1m per year. Bushy forms can for the year to double the number of its leaves.
Lifespan Perennials, can reach too large for residential areas of size.
Temperature In summer: up to 75,2 ° F, in winter it is better to keep the temperature at least 59-62,6 ° F. Some species (reddish and climbing filodendron) can withstand temperatures of up to + 55,4 ° F.
Humidity In the summer it is better to spray at least 2 times a week. In winter it should be kept away from the radiators. In climbing philodendrons, it is useful to spray the supports to which they are attached.
Lighting Most species prefer diffuse light and adapt to partial shade. The filodendron reddish and shiny is undemanding to light. Optimal north-east window. Some species (for example, philodendron golden-black) prefer bright scattered light.
The soil For the soil of own preparation, take: 1 part of sod land, 1 part of coarse-grained sand or perlite, 3 parts of leaf land. Or – Part 1 turf, 1 part humus, 1 part peat land, 1/2 of sand. Always use a pot with a hole.
Watering In spring and summer, water 2 times a week with water at room temperature, in winter – no more than once in 7-8 days. The soil between watering should be moderately moist.
Fertilizer Spring and summer every 2 weeks
Reproduction The climbing philodendrons are propagated by apical cuttings bearing at least two leaves. Treat stalk with Kornevinom and precipitate into a mixture of peat moss. Root at a temperature of 71,6-75,2 ° F, covering the container with glass or polyethylene. Can be propagated by air layers. Bushy forms can be propagated via shoots emerging from the base of the bush. The stem must have a growth point-a small leaf. The cuttings are cut, treated with kornevinom and perpetuate in miniteplichke under polyethylene. Philodendron also propagated by seeds, which germinated in miniteplichke, scattering the seeds over the surface, and prisypaya thin layer of soil. Cover the container with a lid, which is removed after the germination of the seeds.
Bloom Cob with a veil, rarely blooms, flowers do not have much value.
Transfer The young plants every year in April. When the plant becomes too large, it will be sufficient to change the topsoil.
Features of care Philodendrons easily adapt to an atmosphere contaminated with gas combustion products. The climbing forms require support. Air roots should preferably be directed to wet moss, which is wrapped around the support. In the absence of support, the size and shape of the leaves may change.
Difficulties It is affected by spider mites, scale insects, mealybugs and thrips. The leaves turn yellow when the soil is too moist or the plant is undernourished. Leaves on the top are small and pale, and the stem is elongated with a lack of light. Drops on the tips of the leaves are normal, they appear at high humidity in the room. The lower leaves fall off, their tips with brown spots with insufficient moisture. The stem rotates at the base due to excess watering at a low temperature. Leaves pale from the excess of sunlight. Also, brown burns can occur from direct sunlight. Leaves can sink under insufficient watering.
Air cleaning It purifies the air of formaldehyde and xylene, especially in high concentrations. Contributed NASA to the list of plants most suitable for air purification.
Toxicity You should be careful when handling the plant, as with all Araceae.


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