Nertera

Nertera

Life form Herbaceous, creeping, ground cover
Family Rubiaceae
Origin Central America, Australia, New Zealand
Ease of cultivation Easy with small difficulties
The size 2 cm in height, stems 20-25 cm long
Growth rate Average
Lifespan Perennial, usually nertera discarded after flowering and abscission berries. However, under suitable conditions, the plant can live in the apartment for several years.
Temperature It is better to grow at a cool temperature. In summer: the optimum temperature is 68-71,6 ° F. In autumn, lower to 50-53,6 ° F. In winter it is best to maintain a temperature of 50 ° F and regularly ventilate the room. This will give an opportunity to save the plant for the next season. As soon as the temperature outside reaches 42,8-44,6 ° F, nertera endure the outdoor air. The apartment nertera will wear when they start to tie berries.
Humidity Before tying berries nertera should be regularly sprayed with boiling water. After blooming, the plant should be placed in a pallet with wet claydite or sphagnum.
Lighting Bright diffused light, avoid direct sunlight. Can take half-shade. In winter, the plant is better dosvechivat fluorescent lights, putting them at a distance of 50-60 cm. With a lack of light in winter nertera drawn.
The soil Ready ready loose and moisture-absorbing soil.   For soil preparation: 1   part leaf soil, 1 part of the turf soil, 1 part humus earth, 1 part peat and 1 part coarse sand. Good drainage is required.
Watering Pour moderately, the top layer of the earth should dry. Good watering from the pallet. In winter, if nertera contains at 50-53,6 ° F, poured very carefully, keeping the substrate only in a slightly moist state. The usual watering regime is renewed when the first leaves begin to appear in the spring.
Fertilizer From spring to autumn liquid fertilizer is diluted twice with fertilizer once a month.
Reproduction Propagate by seeds. They are sown in a wide bowl in January-February in a substrate of leaf land, peat and sand (drainage is placed on the bottom). Seeds are rarely placed on the surface of the soil and covered with a thin layer of soil. Opryskiayut substrate surface, cover glass and placed in a warm place (71,6 ° F). It germinates quite hard, within 1-3 months. After emergence of the shoot, the pot is placed on diffused light. Seedlings are periodically watered.You can multiply the division of rhizomes in early summer, after the fall of berries. Part of the rhizome is planted in a mixture of turf, leaf, peat and sand. The plant is also divided into parts during transplantation.Nertera propagated by terminal cuttings.
Bloom In the beginning of summer there appear plain-looking greenish-white flowers, which then turn into berries the size of a pea. Nertera necessary to grow with good ventilation, otherwise the berries are not fastened.
Transfer If the plant successfully overwintered, it is transplanted in the spring before the flowering begins. Requires a wide and shallow pot, because nertera has a shallow root system.Earth during transplant should not be rammed.
Features of care For the summer, it is good to take the plant in the garden or on the balcony, plant it in the shade. Room where nertera grows, it is desirable to ventilate during flowering, to ensure fertilization and get more berries.
Difficulties Affected whitefly, spider mites, mealybugs, scale insects. When warm winter nertera does not go into a rest period, because of what is pulled, it expands and becomes bare.
Air cleaning
Toxicity Nertera berries are inedible and can even be toxic to pets.


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