Нedera

Нedera

Life form Herbaceous, liana
Family Araliaceae
Origin Forests of Europe, Asia and Africa
Ease of cultivation Easy
The size It can grow up to 2 m in a pot. It is possible to form in the form of a bush, cutting off shoots at a height of about 45 cm.
Growth rate Up to 30-45 cm per year.
Lifespan Perennial
Temperature In summer: preferably not above 64,4 ° F, otherwise regular spraying is required; In winter, the minimum temperature is 44,6 ° F.
Humidity It is desirable daily (or at least 1-2 times a week) spraying with soft water, it is good to place the pot in a pallet with wet claydite, especially when heating is turned on.
Lighting Bright diffused light is required for variegated forms and for H.canariensis (however, it is pritenyat from direct sun). For green plants, the north window is suitable, can adapt to shaded areas and penumbraes, and also grow under artificial illumination.
The soil The soil must be breathable, sand or perlite with peat should be added if it is too dense. For a mixture of self-cooking should take: 1 part leaf earth, 1 part peat and light turf and garden soil. You can use 2 parts of turf, 2 parts of leaf land and 1 part of sand. Good drainage is required. Always use a pot with a hole.
Watering The soil should be moderately moist, watered no more often 1-2 times a week in the summer. In winter, watering is limited, watered every 7-10 days.
Fertilizer During the growing season, 1-2 times a month, liquid fertilizer, alternating organic and mineral, rich in nitrogen and potassium.
Reproduction It is possible to propagate by apical cuttings 15 cm long, which have several buds, to root in moist sand at a temperature of 68-79 ° F. A greenhouse is not required. It is very easy to cuttings root in the water. Reproduction by layers is possible.
Bloom In the house, practical flowers do not bloom, sometimes old 10-12-year-old plants bloom with small flowers with an unpleasant smell.
Transfer Young plants sometimes have to be transplanted twice a year, then every 2-3 years in spring in a larger pot. As soon as the size of the pot is the maximum desired value, it is sufficient to change the top layer of the soil.
Features of care Extruded plants need pruning, you can leave a height of 30 cm. The plant requires a support, if not form it in the form of a bush. You can grow in hanging baskets. You should regularly pinch the tops to stimulate growth (1-2 times a year). The plant loves a hot shower. In variegated forms, shoots of completely green color sometimes appear, they should be removed. The air roots of ivy cling to surrounding objects and can spoil the furniture.
Difficulties It is affected most often by a spider mites, as well as aphids, scutes, thrips, mealybugs. In older plants, the fall of the lower leaves is a natural process, the plants need to be cut off. Leaves turn black with waterlogging. Extended elongated shoots and small leaves indicate a lack of light. The leaves of variegated forms fade, and young leaves are formed very small from lack of light. Leaves of variegated forms can also turn green from excess nitrogen in the soil. Leaves pale from the excess of sunlight. The tips of the leaves turn brown in too dry air or from lack of watering. Too slow growth is observed with a lack of nutrition.
Air cleaning Ivy cleans air of formaldehyde and benzene, which is released as part of cigarette smoke, detergents, pesticide, gas stove work and various synthetic substances. These substances are often sources of asthma and allergies.
Toxicity Skin contact with these plants can cause symptoms ranging from redness, itching and rash to painful blisters and skin burns. Skin contact with these plants can cause symptoms ranging from redness, itching and rash to painful blisters and skin burns.

Related posts
Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *