Plumbago

Plumbago

Life form Shrub, climbing plant
Family Plumbaginaceae
Origin Tropics of Asia, Australia, South Africa, America, the Mediterranean
Ease of cultivation Average in complexity of growing a plant
The size Can reach a size of 1-2 m in the pot, if the plant is not pruned.
Growth rate Fast, up to 60 cm or more per year, if not pruned.
Lifespan Up to 7 years on condition of observing a cool wintering.
Temperature In the summer: 64,4-69,8 ° F, at higher temperature, higher humidity is required, in winter a lower temperature is required – + 50-59 ° F.
Humidity High, the plant should be regularly sprayed with water at room temperature, at temperatures above +13-15 ° it is necessary to keep the pot in a pan with wet peat or claydite.
Lighting Bright scattered light, can grow on the southern window with shading, the east and west window is suitable.
The soil Fertile, well drained soil is suitable. 2 parts of sod land, 1 part of humus or leaf earth, 1 part of coarse sand or perlite. Always use a pot with a hole.
Watering Abundant in summer, during flowering 2-3 times a week. In winter, water every 8-12 days, between watering the soil should dry well.
Fertilizer From May to September 2 times a week, liquid fertilizer, diluted twice. Organic top dressings are suitable.
Reproduction The apical cuttings, which are formed after pruning in the spring, need constant spraying and airing. A stalk with a length of 8-10 cm long is planted in a mixture of peat and perlite, preliminarily cutting off the lower pair of leaves and making a small hole with a pencil in the soil. The container is covered with glass. Maintain a temperature of about + 33,8-60,8 ° F. Root for 2 weeks. Plants are planted in a constant soil mixture. Blossom plants usually in the same year, after about 4 months.Plumbago is propagated with seeds that are sown in a bowl, in a mixture of peat with perlite or sand. Maintain a temperature of + 68 ° F, the seeds germinate on the 10-14th day. Blooms in 5-6 months.
Bloom In the summer forms inflorescences of blue bell-bellied flowers up to 2.5 cm in diameter. Very rarely there is a form with white leaves.
Transfer Young plants are transplanted every spring, plants older than three years can be transplanted every 3 years. In a tight pot, the plant feels bad.
Features of care Young shoots require support. It is necessary to form a plant: constant pruning of elongated shoots after flowering (should be left about 5 cm if the plant is grown as a bush).The wool can be grown as a stamen plant. In summer, the plant is best placed in the garden or on the balcony. The plant loves airing.
Difficulties It is most often affected by whitefly, red spider mite, scutellum, mealybug. Leaves may turn brown with little watering. The plant grows poorly and does not blossom due to lack of nutrients and lack of light.
Air cleaning
Toxicity Toxic, one should be careful with the juice of the plant.


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