Hemionitis

Hemionitis

Life form Fern
Family Hemionitidaceae
Origin Northern part of tropical America, India, Philippines, Laos, Sri Lanka, Vietnam.
Ease of cultivation For experienced florists
The size Leaves up to 25 cm long on short petioles (10-12 cm).
Growth rate In the spring and summer of hemionitis new leaves grow, and the old ones gradually wither.
Lifespan Many years
Temperature In the summer: 73,4-82,4 ° F (at night it is desirable to lower, and in the afternoon a higher temperature), in winter 60,8 ° F.
Humidity A high humidity (50% or higher) is required, but the fern can adapt to lower levels. The pot can be placed in a pallet with expanded clay or with moist peat. It is best to contain hemeionitis in the terrarium. Especially important is the high humidity in winter when the heating is on.
Lighting Scattered light. The north window is suitable, as well as the east and west windows with shading.
The soil Suitable shop soil for ferns, it must be loose and breathable. For a mixture of own preparation, take equal parts of peat and deciduous humus. You can add sphagnum and charcoal. Good drainage is required.
Watering The ground in the pot must be constantly moist and not too humid. In the summer in the heat, you may need to water the chemionitis every day, trying to completely saturate the soil with moisture, so that part of the water comes out through the drainage hole. However, wet soil that is too wet the roots of the plant rot. Allow a slight drying out of the upper layer of the soil between waterings, Never allow the withering of the plant, because this can lead to damage to their leaves. In winter, watering is reduced.
Fertilizer During growth, once a month, or less often, it should be fed with a fertilizer diluted 2 times. You can use organic fertilizer. In winter, do not feed.
Reproduction In June, old plants can be multiplied by dividing the bush. Small plants are planted in shallow pots at the same depth, the pots are covered with polyethylene. It is quite difficult, but it is possible to multiply spores, which are formed as the plant grows on the underside of the leaf. Disputes should be put in an envelope and dried. Then put a brick in a plastic box or another vessel and wet peat on its surface. Pour distilled water to a height of about 5 cm. Sprinkle spores on the peat surface and cover the container with glass or a plastic lid. Constantly maintain the desired level of water. Place the container in low light conditions, observing the temperature of 69,8 ° F. A few months later, green moss will appear on the surface of the peat, and then leaves. Plant plants should be when they reach 5 cm in height. Hemionitis also forms small daughter plants (babies) from the kidneys located at the base or along the edge of sterile leaves. These small plants can be planted.
Bloom Ferns do not bloom
Transfer Young each year, old – as the volume of the pot is filled. Prefer low clay pots due to the specific structure of the root system.
Features of care In no case should the soil dry completely. Hemionitis needs timely removal of old leaves, regular division. From the leaves it is necessary to periodically brush the dust with a brush.The peculiarity of hemionitis is 2 kinds of leaves. The plant has heart-shaped sterile leaves with a short petiole (5-8 cm) and fertile leaves with a long petiole (20-27 cm).There are kidneys at the base of the leaf blade of sterile leaves.
Difficulties It is affected by a spider mites, mealybugs, aphids and scutes. The plant withers as a result of waterlogging of the plant at low temperature or vice versa from the drying of the soil in the heat. The tips of the leaves turn yellow and dry out in too dry air. Leaves turn yellow, turn pale, their edges curl in too bright light.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


Related posts
Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *