Hoya

Hoya

Life form Herbaceous, liana
Family Asclepiadaceae
Origin Australia, Asia, Indonesia, India
Ease of cultivation Hoya carnosa – easy to grow plant, suitable for beginners; Noya bella – light with little difficulty.
The size Hoya carnosa can grow up to 2 m in length in a pot and 45 cm. Noya bella has smaller dimensions up to 30 cm in length and a pot 20 cm in diameter.
Growth rate Up to 30-45 cm per year – Hoya carnosa, 12-15 cm – Noya bella.
Lifespan Perennial
Temperature In summer: preferably not higher than 75,2 ° F; winter minimum temperature of 50 ° F for Hoya carnosa and 60,8 ° F for Hoya bella.
Humidity It is advisable to regularly (1 every 2 weeks) teloy spraying water without hitting the flowers, well put the pot in a pan with a wet expanded clay.
Lighting Bright light is required make shade from the hot midday rays. Suitable south-east or south-west window.
The soil The soil must be breathable, sand or perlite with peat should be added if it is too dense. To a mixture of homemade must take: 3 pieces of leaf, 2 turf ground, 2 parts humus, 1 part sand. Always use a pot with a hole.
Watering The soil should be moderately moist and dry 2-3 cm before the next watering. Water with soft water not more than once a week in the summer (if not very dry and hot). In winter, watering is limited to 1 time every 14 days.
Fertilizer During the vegetation period 1-2 times a month, liquid fertilizer, diluted two-fold.
Reproduction It is possible to propagate by apical cuttings 8-10 cm long, which have several buds, to root in a mixture of moist peat and sand at a temperature of 68-77 ° F. Before planting treat it with kornevinom. Cover the container with polyethylene or glass on top. It is possible to reproduce by air layers or leaves with an axillary bud.
Bloom Blossom all summer: from June to October, the first peak of mass flowering in June, the second – in September. Scented waxy star-shaped flowers, collected in inflorescences umbrellas, the most diverse color – from white to red.
Transfer In April, once in 2-3 years, it is better to flower in tight pots.
Features of care You can not remove faded peduncles, in their place in the new season, new flowers will develop. The plant does not like drafts. The plant is desirable support, it can be made in the form of a flexible arch. You can grow in hanging baskets. The plant does not like pruning, but the damaged leaves should be removed, you can cut off shoots that did not have flowers. After the emergence of buds, the plant is better not to move – they can fall off.
Difficulties It is affected most often by mealybugs, as well as spider mites. Its roots can also rot. If excess moisture can rot roots and stems, the leaves turn yellow and rot. Petals and buds canospypatsya if they become wet by spraying or due to movement of the pot. Slow growth and pale green leaves are observed with a lack of nitrogen in the soil. Brown marks from burns appear with an excess of light. Leaves curl and dry when too hot and dry.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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