Murraya

Murraya

Life form Bush
Family Rutaceae
Origin Tropical Asia, India, Sri Lanka
Ease of cultivation Easy with small difficulties
The size It can reach a height of 50-70 cm.
Growth rate The young plant grows slowly. Only when the plant develops a powerful root system, it can grow by several centimeters per year.
Lifespan Perennial
Temperature In summer: room temperature, in high heat conditions, high humidity is required, in winter it is not lower than 53,6-59 ° F.
Humidity Although the plant transfers the dry air of the apartments, higher humidity is desirable, in summer it is required to spray soft water at room temperature, and in winter spray it at high temperatures.
Lighting A bright diffused light is required. With a lack of light, the plant does not bloom. On the southern window should be shaded from the midday rays.
The soil A rich humus soil is required with the addition of peat and sand. For the soil of own preparation, take: 1 part of turf ground, 1 part of coarse sand or perlite, 1/2 part of peat or humus, 1 part of leaf land, you can add pieces of coal. Good drainage is required, for example, the bottom layer is made of bricks, the top layer is made of sand.
Watering Abundant, in the summer every 3-6 days, the land should be constantly wet; in winter, watered occasionally, not permitting the drying of the earthy coma.
Fertilizer During growth, fertilizer is applied every month. For murray it is very good to use organic fertilizers, alternating them with mineral fertilizers
Reproduction Upper cuttings at a soil temperature of 77 ° F (quite difficult). Cuttings (6-8 cm long) are rooted in a mixture of peat and sand. The lower pair of leaves are removed, and the cut is processed with a rootstock. For rooting, cover the stalk with a film.You can propagate seeds that are planted in separate pots to a depth of 1.5 cm, germinate at a temperature of not less than 69,8 ° F. Seedlings grow unevenly, after the shoot the pots are transferred to a bright place. A month later, a complex fertilizer is introduced, and after the seedlings grow up, they are transplanted into larger pots.
Bloom Small white fragrant flowers. Flowering usually occurs in summer and autumn. Only adult plants bloom. From the flowers, oval fruits are shaped about 1 cm in length, which gradually turn red.
Transfer Until the age of three, they are transplanted annually in spring into a pot 2-3 cm larger than the previous one, without burrowing the root collar. The old plants are transplanted every 2-3 years.
Features of care Regular pruning is required. The plant is sometimes used as a rootstock for other citrus fruits. In the summer it is desirable to take out on the street in a shady place.
Difficulties It can be affected  by a scabbards, spiders mite, aphids, worms, and whiteflies. Lower leaves turn yellow and fall off as a result of the natural aging process. Leaves can dry out at the edge and in the center as a result of a sunburn. With a lack of magnesium and iron, yellowing of the leaves is possible. Leaves are light green with a lack of light or nutrients.Leaves and buds fall off with a lack or excess of moisture. New shoots thin with a lack of light or nutrients.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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