|Beans – Fabaceae
|Tropics of America
|Ease of cultivation
|Easy with small difficulties
|1 m in height mimosa reaches in nature, but in the room its size does not exceed 30-50 cm.
|The plant reaches its maximum height in one season.
|A perennial plant, however, with the passage of time it loses decorativeness, that is why, in indoor conditions, it is grown as an annual.
|In the summer: before 73.4-77, in winter it is not lower 64,4 ° F. At a lower temperature, the leaves of the plant do not react to touch. Mimosa is thermophilic, it should be protected from drafts.
|Not less than 60%, the plant should be sprayed in the morning and evening and increase the humidity by all known methods.
|A brightly lit place on the south or west window. Prefers bright diffused light. When there is a lack of lighting, shoots stretch, with excess – the leaves turn yellow and twist.
|Ready-made general-purpose soil, suitable rich loose soil with the addition of a small amount of sand. For the soil of own preparation, take: 1 part of greenhouse land, 1 part of peat, 1 part of rotten manure, 1 part of coarse sand or perlite. Always use a pot with a hole.
|Intense, every 3 days, watered by submerging the pot into the water. The soil should always be moist, but not too humid. With a lack of moisture leaves fall off quickly. At watering it is impossible, that water got on leaves.
|From spring to autumn, once every two to three weeks, liquid fertilizer. It is possible to use organic fertilizing.
|Seeds in the spring. Pre-soaked for 2 days and swollen seeds should be planted in a mixture of peat and perlite, on the surface of the substrate make grooves at a distance of 5 cm from each other. Seeds are placed in grooves at a distance of 5-6 cm from each other. Seeds are sprinkled with soil in a layer of 1 cm. The container should be covered with polyethylene, placed in a warm place under indirect light or fluorescent lamps (in case of lack of lighting, the shoots will stretch out and become weak). For better germination of seeds, you can rub their peel with emery paper. Seedlings usually appear in 2 weeks. After 7-10 days, water them with a solution of complex fertilizer. Too thick crops are thinned out. When they have pinnate leaves, they will need to be placed in small pots and also covered with film for the first time. Seedlings should not be pinched. There is evidence that the plant is propagated by stalk cuttings in the spring.
|In summer, the globose inflorescence is pink-violet. Blossom 3-4 months after planting.
|Transplanted young plants as they grow. The old plants do not make any transplant.
|Features of care
|Mimosa has an interesting feature to fold the leaves when touched and overnight. The plant is annual, it will not survive the winter in the house. He loves the sun and the heat, does not tolerate the drying of the earthy coma. Mimosa can be grown in a terrarium.
|Affects a spider mites, aphids. Leaves do not open during the day and turn yellow with excessive watering. In the case of waterlogging in the cold, plants can rot. The leaves turn yellow, and the leaves fall off with insufficient watering or in too dry air. The slow growth of mimosa and the lack of flowering can be associated with a lack of nutrients, light or cold.
|Not toxic if not ingested