Monstera

Monstera

Life form Liana
Family  Araceae
Origin Equatorial belt of South and North America: Mexico, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Panama
Ease of cultivation Easy
The size In the home to 2.3 m
Growth rate 2-3 sheets per year
Lifespan Up to 10 years and more
Temperature In summer: up to 84,2 ° F, in winter it is better to maintain a temperature of about 60,8 ° F.
Humidity High is desirable, low
Lighting It is desirable to have an eastern, perhaps a western window. Shade on the southern window.
The soil A rich, well-retaining soil. For example, 1 part peat, 2 parts humus (sheet earth form), 1 part coarse sand or perlite. Drainage is mandatory.
Watering Moderate, watered with warm water with low acidity. The soil should be constantly moderately moist.
Fertilizer From spring to autumn 2 times a month fertilizer for deciduous plants.
Reproduction Seeds, cuttings, air layers.
Bloom Cob with a veil, rarely blooms, flowers do not have much value.
Transfer Every year in April.
Features of care Avoid low temperatures, create high humidity, regularly fertilize. Requires support and annual transplant. It is not possible to cut off the primal roots, but to guide them to the ground.
Difficulties It is affected by a spider mites and scutellums. The leaves turn yellow, and then turn brown, especially in winter due to decay of the root system. The leaves are pale, yellowing slowly and starting from the tips due to insufficient mineral nutrition of the plant. The leaves become small, not perforated, the stem is exposed from below, a weak growth is observed in insufficient illumination. Brown dry spots on the tips of the leaves are the result of dry air. Dark spots on the leaves are formed in the cold.With excessive light, the leaves become pale and yellowish, burned with round holes in the burned areas. The lower leaves turn yellow and fall off – a regular phenomenon with age.
Air cleaning
Toxicity You should be careful, as with all Araceae.


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