Microsorum

Microsorum

Life form Fern
Family Polypodiaceae
Origin South-East Asia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Australia, the Pacific Islands
Ease of cultivation For a seasoned florist
The size Up to 25 cm in height, the length of leaves is up to 50-60 cm, in nature sometimes up to 1 m.
Growth rate A few new leaves a year
Lifespan Perennial
Temperature All the year round: 68-82,4, in winter it is necessary that the roots of the plant are not supercooled. The plant is thermophilic.
Humidity The microsorum requires high humidity, many species can be grown only in the terrarium. You can place the plant in a pallet with wet pebbles or spray 2-3 times a day.
Lighting Bright diffused light. Ideally a window facing east or west. On the northern window, you need to light in winter, on the southern one – shading in the summer.
The soil Suitable shop soil for ferns, it must be loose and breathable. For a mixture of own preparation, take equal parts of peat, leaf earth and sand, or: 2 pieces of leaf, 2 parts of garden soil, 1 part of peat, 1 part of sand. It is better to add peat moss and charcoal, may be a bit of pine bark. Good drainage is necessary (1-2 cm).
Watering Required abundant watering with soft water (can be boiled or rain), but overflow is not allowed, it is desirable to water when the top layer of the soil dries. The plant is harmful as an excess of moisture (in this case the rhizome rot), and drying. In summer, water every 7 days, in winter – every 10 days.
Fertilizer During growth, once every 2-3 weeks to feed diluted 2 times with mineral fertilizer or a special fertilizer for ferns. However, it is better to use organic top dressing.
Reproduction Most often the microsorum is multiplied by dividing the rhizome during transplantation. The cut must dry a little, then it must be sprinkled with pounded coal. Plant the young plants in separate pots, not deepening. The first time to keep the plants in a shady warm place, covered with polyethylene.It is quite difficult and rarely reproduces by spores, it is necessary to use a miniteplike with bottom heating. Disputes should be put in an envelope and dried. Then put a brick in a plastic box or another vessel and wet peat on its surface. Pour distilled water to a height of about 5 cm. Sprinkle spores on the peat surface and cover the container with glass or a plastic lid. Constantly maintain the desired level of water. Place the container in low light conditions. A few months later, green moss will appear on the surface of the peat, and then leaves. Plant plants should be when they reach 5 cm in height.
Bloom Ferns do not bloom
Transfer The root system of the plant is small, so transplant rarely, as the volume of the pot is filled, every 2-3 years at the end of February – early March. Do not depress the plant, as well as place too superficially. Transplant very carefully, trying less to disturb the roots. It is better to use wide low pots.
Features of care The plant must be protected from drafts, so it is undesirable to take out a microsorum on the balcony or in the garden in the summer. Suitable for suspended flower pots.
Difficulties Pretty resistant to pests fern. In dry air, it is affected by spider mites. Perhaps the appearance of a scab. With insufficient watering, the tips of the leaves may dry up. The tops of leaves can dry out and from low humidity of air. The leaves turn yellow, and growth slows down when the sun is too bright. Leaves pale and weak with insufficient nutrition of the plant. The growth of the microsorum may also slow down if there is a lack of light.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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