Mikania

Mikania

Life form Grassy, ​​ampel
Family Asteraceae (Compositeae)
Origin South America: Brazil.
Ease of cultivation Easy with small difficulties
The size Up to 50-180 cm in length and in diameter.
Growth rate Average
Lifespan Many years, if the plant is grown in cold wintering conditions.
Temperature In the summer: it is better to keep the temperature around 69,8 ° F, in winter – + 53,6 ° F.
Humidity Humidity of air is suitable for 50-70%. Otherwise, drying and loss of leaves may occur. In winter, at temperatures above 59 ° F, it is desirable to place the plant in a pallet with moist pebbles. You can not spray the leaves pubescent mica, because this can cause them to rot. In extreme cases, you can use a very thin nebulizer.
Lighting Bright light. The south and east windows are suitable. Requires at least 3 hours of direct sunlight. In very bright sun, it should be slightly shaded.
The soil The soil must be breathable, sand or perlite with peat should be added if it is too dense. To a mixture of homemade should be taken: 1 part of humus, 1 part of coarse sand or perlite and 2 parts of peat or humus (leaf earth) can be added sphagnum. Always use a pot with an opening and drainage.
Watering The soil must be constantly moist in summer, it should be watered every 3-4 days. However, one should beware of overflow. To water with warm water. In winter, between watering the soil should dry a little.
Fertilizer During the growing season, every 15 days, liquid fertilizer in a half dose.
Reproduction Propagation by apical cuttings, which are rooted in the sand at a temperature of + 71,6-77 ° F, putting the pot on the battery and covering with polyethylene. Also multiply by dividing the plant.Probably multiplication by seeds, which should be sown in early spring. Seeds should be planted in a mixture of moss and peat, sprinkling them on the surface and lightly pressing (do not cover the ground). Pots with seeds should be poured from below, placing in a vessel with water. Next, put the pots in a warm place (on a battery or on a refrigerator) and regularly spray.
Bloom Small yellow flowers, rarely appear with room contents.
Transfer In the spring every year.
Features of care Mica suitable for hanging baskets. In winter, it is impossible to keep the water got on the leaves of mica.
Difficulties It can be affected by red spider mites, aphids and whiteflies. In case the leaves fall on the tips of the shoots, they must be cut off.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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