Hyacinthus

Hyacinthus

Life form Grassy, ​​bulbous
Family Lily – Lileaceae
Origin Mediterranean, Asia Minor
Ease of cultivation Easy with small difficulties.
The size Up to 25-30 cm in height.
Growth rate Average
Lifespan Used for forcing. After flowering, the bulb is not ejected again. It is advisable to put it in the garden.
Temperature During flowering, the optimum temperature is 60,8 ° F, a higher one shortens the flowering time. A rest period of at least two weeks is required at a temperature of 46,4-53,6 ° F.
Humidity High humidity is desirable at forcing. The pot is better to put in a pan.
Lighting Needs bright, non-directional lighting (ideally east and west windows).
The soil For a mixture of own preparation, take: 1 piece of garden soil, 1 part of coarse sand or perlite, 1 part of wet peat or humus (leafy earth) and light lime dust. Suitable soil based on peat or any sandy garden land. Always use a pot with a hole.
Watering The soil must be constantly moist. However, overmoistening is dangerous.
Fertilizer As soon as the buds appear and before the full withering of the leaves it is desirable to feed the liquid fertilizer every 2 weeks.
Reproduction Babies that form at the base of the bulb. They should be separated after flowering when the bulb is transplanted into the garden.
Bloom The inflorescence is a sultan of small bell-shaped flowers of bright color. Blossom for 2-3 weeks.
Features of care For distillation, it is necessary to plant the bulb in the pot, so that the top is above the surface of the soil. Place the pot in a cool (46,4-53,6 ° F) dark place (in the basement or in the closet on the balcony) and hold there for at least 2-2,5 months. In the room, the plant is transferred 2 weeks before the expected flowering and in the first week is shaded with a black hood or film. When a sprout of about 5 cm appears, the plant can be put into the light, but it is desirable to maintain a low temperature. If a too heavy inflorescence is formed, you can use a support for it. After flowering cut the flower stalk, but continue to feed and water the plant. When the leaves die, the bulb can be transplanted into the garden.
Transfer Need not
Difficulties It is possible rotting the bulb with excessive moistening. Lack of flowering or too ugly inflorescences can speak of an insufficient period of rest or a complete absence of a cold dark period.
Air cleaning
Toxicity Skin contact with these plants can cause symptoms ranging from redness, itching and rash to painful blisters and skin burns. Moderate ingestion of these plants can cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and other symptoms that are not life threatening.


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