Haworthia

Haworthia

Life form Succulent
Family Asphodelaceae
Origin South Africa: West Cape
Ease of cultivation Very easy to grow
The size In height 5-15 cm for indoor, in nature – up to 1 m.
Growth rate Very low
Lifespan From 5 to 20 years and more. After flowering rosettes die, they are replaced by new babies.
Temperature In summer it is best 68 ° F, if the temperature is higher, a brighter light is desirable. In the winter – + 39,2-59 ° F.
Humidity Low, it does not really matter
Lighting The bright sun with no direct sunlight (unlike other succulents, need to make shade too bright sunlight), can grow in the shade, but weakly.
The soil Suitable shop soil for succulents with a small addition of sand. For a mixture of own preparation should take: sod, garden soil, coarse sand. You can add charcoal and brick crumbs. Do not recommend peat.
Watering The top layer of soil between waterings in the summer should dry up on one third. Watered about every week during the growing season (if a little light, reduce watering), in the winter – 1-2 times a month. Water should not fall into the axils of the leaves.
Fertilizer During growth, once a month to feed fertilizer for cacti, diluted twice.
Reproduction Branch of side rosettes, stem or leaf cuttings, which must first be dried, leaving in the sun for several hours. Root in peat, sand. Roots will appear in 3-4 weeks. Seed propagation is possible in April at a temperature of +20 ° C (planted in sand or peat). With seed multiplication varietal features may not be transmitted.
Bloom In May-June throws out a long flower spike with white small flowers in racemose inflorescences on the apex. After flowering rosette dies.
Transfer Young plants are transplanted when the old pot becomes small, adults – once in 2-3 years. Haworthia requires a shallow pot, because has a small root system.
Features of care If the plant is on the street, you should not allow water to accumulate after the rain in the center of the outlet. In general, the plant is very hardy and can only suffer from excessive watering. Sometimes haworthias grown in combination with other succulents, or they can be placed at the base of the larger plants.
Difficulties It is affected by a spider mite, scutellum, mealybugs. Root rot is possible with excessive watering. Leaves stretch and turn pale with lack of light, young leaves grow smaller with a lack of nutrients or in case the pot is small.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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