Gasteria

Gasteria

Life form Succulent
Family Asphodelaceae
Origin South Africa
Ease of cultivation Easy
The size At a height of 25-30 cm, in nature – up to 1 m.
Growth rate It grows slowly, every year the stem lengthens only a few centimeters.
Lifespan From 5 to 20 years and more.
Temperature In summer it is best 73,4-77 ​​° F. In winter – 50-59 ° F.
Humidity Low
Lighting Bright sun, better scattered light, can grow in the shade, but weakly. When the light is too strong, burns can occur on the leaves, if there is a lack of lighting, the leaves are pale.
The soil Suitable shop soil for succulents with a small addition of sand. For a mixture of own preparation, take:   turf, garden soil, coarse sand. You can add charcoal and brick crumbs. Do not recommend peat. Requires good drainage.
Watering The top layer of soil between waterings in the summer should dry up. Watered about every week during the growing season (if a little light, reduce watering), in the winter – 1-2 times a month to dry out the soil is well between waterings.
Fertilizer During growth, once every 1-2 months, feed fertilizer for cacti or dilute complex fertilizer.
Reproduction Department of children, stem or leaf cuttings, which must first be dried, leaving in the sun for several hours. Root in peat, sand. Children can be immediately planted in a permanent soil in a pot. If too many children, it is useful to separate them from the mother plant to intensify its growth. You can propagate by apex when rejuvenating old plants, which are rooted in the sand. Seed propagation is possible in April at a temperature of 68 ° F (planted in moist soil).
Bloom Spring or early summer throws out a long flower spike with drooping red-orange bells on top.
Transfer In spring, once in 2-3 years, when the old pot becomes small. The pot should be shallow, because in a deep bowl Gaster grows badly.
Features of care In summer it is better to take the plant outside. Dry leaves at the base of the plant should be removed in time so that pests do not start.
Difficulties It is affected by a spider mite, scutellum, mealybugs, very rarely aphids. If the old leaves curl and wither, this is a natural process. If the leaves fade, turn pale, turn yellow and rot, – this can be a sign of excess moisture. Leaves stretch and turn pale with lack of light. If the leaves strongly turn yellow and the areas of dry brown tissue appear on them, this is a sign of a sunburn.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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