Dioscorea

Dioscorea

Life form Liana
Family Dioscoriaceae
Origin South Africa
Ease of cultivation Easy with small difficulties.
The size The length of shoots in room conditions is up to 70 cm and more than 2 m.
Growth rate High
Lifespan Perennial
Temperature In the summer: not lower than 77 ° F, in the winter 50-59 ° F.
Humidity Medium, it is possible to grow in relatively dry air.
Lighting A bright place, a bright diffused light. A window that faces west or southwest is best suited.
The soil Lightweight breathable soil is suitable. 1 part of sod land, 1 part of leaf land, 1 part of coarse-grained sand or perlite, 1 part of wet peat or humus.
Watering In the summer abundant, with the approach of winter watering is reduced. When the leaves turn yellow, the plant enters a period of rest, during which the plant is moisturize very rare. Watering is renewed with the appearance of new leaves in the spring.
Fertilizer From spring to autumn every 2-3 weeks with liquid fertilizer.
Reproduction The apical cuttings in spring (covered with polyethylene) in a mixture of peat and perlite or earth with sand.It is possible to multiply seeds that are sown in March-April in a mixture of leaf land and sand and germinate at a temperature of 59 ° F, periodically watering. The grown shoots dive. Young plants are then transferred to a larger pot. Dioscorea can be propagated by division of nodules, which is carried out in the spring, before the start of growth.
Bloom Flowering in the summer, groin like inflorescences 6-8 cm long, flowers small greenish-yellow.
Transfer Early spring every year. The volume of the pot is not necessary to increase, just replace the soil. Dioscorus needs close enough pot, as it will grow better. For Dioscorea ivory requires larger the pot, the old plants should be repotted rare, but is required to pour the soil annually.
Features of care Requires pruning. The plant needs a support in the form of a ladder or a grid. Wild yam elephantiasis (Dioscorea elephantipes) has a rest periodt from late spring to late summer (it is at this time almost no watering), and increases, on the contrary, since the beginning of autumn.
Difficulties It is affected quite rarely by red spider mites. With a lack of moisture and dry air, the leaves turn yellow and fall off.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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