Cyrtomium

Cyrtomium

Life form Fern
Family Aspidiaceae
Origin South Africa, India, Korea, Japan, Hawaii, the Himalayas
Ease of cultivation Relatively easy to grow a plant
The size Usually 40-60 cm in height.
Growth rate Young plants grow slowly, adults appear several leaves per year.
Lifespan Many years
Temperature In summer: 73,4-77 ​​° F, higher temperatures require high humidity; in the winter of 59-64,4 ° F, cold air from the windows should be avoided.
Humidity Cyrtomium does not require too much moisture. This fern tolerates dry air.
Lighting Scattered light or partial shade. Cyrtomium does not tolerate direct sunlight, in this case its growth slows down, and the leaves can turn yellow. It is ideal to place the plant near the window facing north.
The soil Suitable shop soil for ferns, it must be loose and breathable. For a mixture of own preparation, 2 parts of peat, 1 part of leaf land and 1 part of sand. It is better to add sphagnum and charcoal, you can have some pine bark. Good drainage is necessary (1-2 cm).
Watering It requires abundant watering 2-3 times a week with soft water, and in winter at least once a week, but overflow is not permissible, the soil must be moist all the time (otherwise the plant will die), but not moist.
Fertilizer During growth, once every 3-4 months, feed on mineral fertilizer, diluted 2 times with fertilizer. Organic fertilizers are more useful. Mineral top dressing in high concentration can damage the root system of the fern.
Reproduction Multiply the division of the rhizome, which is cut with a sharp knife. Slices should be sprinkled with pounded coal and immediately (to avoid drying out) planted separately. Propagate by dividing the old overgrown plants. It is quite difficult to multiply by spores, it is necessary to use a miniteplike with bottom heating. Disputes should be put in an envelope and dried. Then put a brick in a plastic box or another vessel and wet peat on its surface. Pour distilled water to a height of about 5 cm. Sprinkle spores on the peat surface and cover the container with glass or a plastic lid. Constantly maintain the desired level of water and temperature 68-71,6 ° F. Place the container in low light conditions. A few months later, green moss will appear on the surface of the peat, at this time in conditions of a moist environment (watering the sprouts abundantly so that they are for some time under water) fertilization must occur, and the appearance of the leaves will be evidence of this. Plant plants should be when they reach 5 cm in height.
Bloom Ferns do not bloom
Transfer They are planted in the spring only when the plant grows strong. Cyrtomium does not tolerate a transplant, one should be careful with its fragile roots.
Features of care The fern can be grown in a terrarium.
Difficulties It is struck by scabbards, spider mite. The plant slows growth, and the leaves fade and turn pale with excess light. The lower leaves turn yellow, brown spots appear on the top, and the ground overgrows with moss in excess watering. When the plants overdry, the leaves dry up and curl, in this case, cut off all the leaves, water the plants well;soon they can form new green leaves. If the plant grows poorly, its leaves fade, and a saline deposit forms on the surface of the soil, this may result from watering too hard water.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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