Cyperus

Cyperus

Life form Herbaceous
Family Cyperaceae
Origin Africa, Madagascar, the Mediterranean, Central America
Ease of cultivation Very unpretentious
The size In width up to 1 m, and in height up to 1.2 m.
Growth rate High. 5-10 new leaves per season.
Lifespan Perennial
Temperature In the summer: 68-79 ° F, in winter not higher than 55,4-64,4 ° F, but it can also adapt to a higher temperature.
Humidity Requires daily spraying if the temperature is above 68 ° F, but can be adapted to the dry air of the rooms.
Lighting Non-directional light or penumbra. Prefers northern or eastern windows. He loves the light, but you have to shade from the bright sun. Can be grown under artificial lighting for at least 16 hours a day.
The soil For a mixture of own preparation take 3 pieces of compost land, 2 parts of garden, 2 parts of garden, 1 part of sand. Either equal parts of peat and sand and up to 20% fertilizer based on manure. Good drainage is required (at least a quarter of the height of the pot).
Watering The plant grows along the riverbanks, it is highly hygrophilous, the lower part of the pot must be in the summer in the water, in the winter after watering the water is drained. If the soil in the pot dries up, the plant will turn yellow within the next 24 hours.
Fertilizer During growth from May to September, once every 2-3 weeks, feed on a liquid fertilizer rich in nitrogen.
Reproduction Fission of rhizomes in spring during transplantation. It is very easy to propagate by the upper part of the leaves. To do this, the top of the sheet with fan-shaped divergent leaves is cut off, the tips of the leaves are shortened a little and placed a rosette of leaves in a vessel with water to float on the surface. It is better to change the water every 4-5 days. Soon new leaves will begin to develop from the sinuses of leaves, when 3-4 leaves will appear in each of the bottoms, they can be deposited separately into the ground.Cypherus is also propagated by seeds. The seeds are sown very shallow into a mixture of peat, leaf earth and sand. After sowing, the container is covered with sand. Germinate at a temperature of 64,4 ° F, periodically watering. The strong seedlings after diving are planted in 9-cm pots of 3 pieces.
Bloom Blossoms in the summer, small yellow-green inflorescences, out of the sinuses leaflets.
Transfer Every 2-3 years, when the plant will become cramped in a pot. The plant needs a high pot 1.5 times greater than the previous one. he has a very powerful rhizome.Transplantation is not performed during flowering.
Features of care If the leaves of the plant have massively turned yellow, they should be cut off at the root, and soon new ones will grow. Cyperus grows very well near the aquarium or pool.
Difficulties Very rarely attractive for mealybugs, aphids, whitefly, thrips and spider mites. Edges and tips of leaves are brown or leaves turn yellow with insufficient watering. New stems do not appear, and the leaves look limp, wilted and pale colored from lack of light. Too slow growth with a shortage of food. In winter, leaves can die and the stem turn yellow due to cold.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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