Cyclamen

Cyclamen

Life form Herbaceous tuberous plant
Family Primulaceae
Origin Asia Minor and Northern Africa
Ease of cultivation Requires special care
The size Usually from 5 to 30 cm in height
Growth rate The number of leaves and flowers depends on the size of the corms.
Lifespan Perennial plant, with age, flowers grow smaller.
Temperature The year is 53,6-75,2 ° F, in summer it is better to take the plant on a balcony or in the garden, in the winter 53,6-60,8 ° F.
Humidity High. Spray at least once a day from above with soft water so that the water drops do not fall on the flowers. Put the pot in a tray with wet pebbles so that the bottom of the pot does not touch the water
Lighting A bright place, but not direct sunlight. Suitable for west and east windows.
The soil Suitable ground with acidity pH 5.5-6.5. For the soil of own preparation it is possible to take equal parts of peat, humus and sand. It is mandatory to use drainage.
Watering During flowering abundant regular watering about 2-3 times a week, the soil should not dry up, but the water should not stagnate. In no case can not get on the tubers. It is better to pour water into the pan, but the plant should never stand in water. After flowering for about two months, the plant is at rest, it is placed in a cool place. At this time, water it should be moderate, no more than 1 time a week. When new leaves appear in June-July, watering should be increased again.
Fertilizer From spring to autumn, every two weeks, liquid fertilizer.
Reproduction Spread by seeds, which are planted in a mixture of peat and sand and lightly sprinkled with soil (the seeds should be at a depth of 0.5-1 cm). Put in a dark place and germinate at a temperature of 64,4-68 ° F. After the appearance of seedlings are transferred to light. When seedlings grow up, they are planted in separate pots. The plants grown from seeds bloom on the 2nd-4th year. You can multiply by dividing the tuber when transplanting the plant.
Bloom White, red, pink flowers on long legs. Abundant flowering from November to March.
Transfer Transplanted after the end of the rest period, when new leaves begin to appear (the old dead ones are removed at the same time). Transplanted into a shallow pot, in a crockery, flowering is better. Tuber deepen by half.
Features of care The plant has a period of rest after flowering. Do not allow drafts, the plant does not tolerate gas and smoke from cigarettes. Do not put the pot in a tank of water. Flowers should be removed as they wilt, twisting at the base. So do the wilted and yellowed leaves. Clean the leaves of the plant with a soft brush.
Difficulties It is affected by spider mites, cyclamen mites, aphids, scutes and thrips. If the leaves have turned yellow and have brown patches this may be a sign of botrytis fungus infection.(All affected leaves should be cut off and after treatment with fungicide, transfer the plant to better ventilation conditions). Yellowing and falling leaves indicates too high a temperature in the room and an insufficient amount of light. The roots and base of the stem rot with an excess of moisture. (The intensity of irrigation should be reduced and the plant should be drained). Slow growth, small leaves and lack of flowering indicate a lack of nutrients in the soil, feeding is required. The leaves dry and curl because of dry air, heat and / or insufficient watering. Light spots on the leaves appear from excess light, especially if the leaves get water during spraying. The corms decay if water gets into it. (When the plant is in the period of pokery, this place can be cut off, during flowering, nothing can be done).
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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