Crassula

Crassula

Life form Succulent
Family Crassulaceae
Origin Distribution area – from the Arabian Peninsula to South Africa (Asia, Madagascar, South Africa).
Ease of cultivation This species is among the easiest to grow.
The size Depending on the type from 6 cm to 2 m in height.
Growth rate Medium, several centimeters per season.
Lifespan Many years, however, the plant requires rejuvenation.
Temperature In the summer: room, up to 80,6 ° F, in winter it is desirable not more than 50-57,2 ° F, the minimum temperature -44,6 ° F.
Humidity Low. However, most species will not be damaged by spraying in the summer. Exception – species with velvety leaves, their spraying can lead to decay of the leaves.
Lighting Bright sun, in the winter fit the windows of the south and south-east orientation. In the summer, shading is necessary, because when the light is too bright, the leaves can turn red and burns appear on them. Plants with green leaves can tolerate shade, whereas species with silver leaves require bright light.
The soil Suitable shop soil for succulents with a small addition of sand. For a mixture of own preparation, take:   3 parts of coarse sand or perlite, 2 parts turf ground, 2 parts of humus (leaf earth), 2 parts peat. Good drainage is required.
Watering The top layer of soil between waterings in the summer should dry up well. In the summer, water abundantly about once a week, in December – January, you can not water, in the rest of the time 1-2 times a month. Excess water from the pan should be drained.
Fertilizer During growth, every 2-3 weeks, feed fertilizer for cacti, in a half dose.
Reproduction Falling leaves and falling on the ground leaves of fatty are easily rooted themselves. It propagates easily with apical shoots 8-10 cm long, which should be taken in the spring from the branches of the current growth and dried slightly before germination. Root in peat and sand. Sand from time to time spray. Rooted cuttings are transplanted into separate pots and placed in conditions of bright scattered light. The tips of shoots periodically pinch. Sometimes the roots are formed directly in the air directly on the shoots. Can reproduce by seeds, which are rather small. Seeds are sown in a mixture of leaf land and sand and germinated, covered with film and daily aired and sprayed crops. Fresh seeds germinate in 1-2 weeks. Shoots dive and expose to light. The second pick is held in early summer.
Bloom Tsvett from the end of summer to the middle of winter. Collected in a brush small white-pink tubular or stellate flowers.
Transfer The root system of fatty is shallow, so the pot is not very large. Transplant only strongly overgrown plants.
Features of care Some small fatties are better to grow together in one pot. The plant is better groomed by periodically pricking the tips of growing shoots. The leaves of the fatty are quite fragile and easily broken.
Difficulties It is affected by a spider mite, mealybugs, rootworms, and thrips. With insufficient watering and drying of the roots on the leaves, shrunken, brown, wrinkled areas are formed. If the temperature is too high in winter, the oat plump can discard the leaves. All the stout dogs occasionally fall off the lower leaves as they grow, this is a natural process. The plant is strongly stretched, forms small pale, devoid of glossy leaves with insufficient lighting or lack of nutrition. Roots and stem bases can decay with excessive watering.On the leaves, light spots are sunburn. Dry reddish crusts on leaves are, most likely, the result of their mechanical damage.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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