Coleus

Coleus

Life form Grassy, ​​bush
Family Labiateae
Origin o.Yava, tropical Asia, Africa
Ease of cultivation Lung
The size Up to 20-60 cm in height and width
Growth rate It grows very quickly, grown from a handle reaches the size of an adult plant in season 1.
Lifespan Perennial plant, but requires periodic renewal.
Temperature In the summer: 60,8-77 ° F, in the winter not below 53,6 ° F.
Humidity Average. Contain in moist pebbles, as a result of spraying, stains on the leaves may remain. It is desirable to spray the air around the plant.
Lighting It is desirable not less than 4 hours a day of bright light. The brighter the lighting, the more saturated will be the color of the red leaves. It requires shading from the hot midday rays.
The soil 4 parts of sod land, 4 parts of leaf, 2 parts humus, 1 part coarse-grained sand or perlite, 1 part peat. Another composition – equal parts of leaf, turf, peat and sand. Always use a pot with an opening.
Watering The soil must be constantly moist. If the plant is not watered, the leaves wither and fall off. In this case, the pot should be placed in a container of water. In winter, watering is moderate. Pour preferably with soft water.
Fertilizer During the vegetation period from April to October1-2 times a month with liquid fertilizer.
Reproduction Cutlet cuttings very easily take root in water or in wet sand. You can propagate by seeds, which are sown in a bowl and slightly sprinkled with sand. Seedlings appear after 2-3 weeks. When 1-2 pairs of leaves appear, the plants are planted.
Bloom It blooms in late spring and summer with bluish small flowers. Flowering is not very decorative, weakens the plant and gives it a slovenly appearance, so it is better to remove flowers in a timely manner.
Transfer Transplanted as the roots fill the earthy coma at any time of the year, approximately once every 2-3 years. Very often, the plant is grown as an annual, and the plant is renewed every year from cuttings.
Features of care If the the plant is grown as perennial, in winter, a large part of the foliage usually falls, so in the spring it is necessary to radically cut off the shoots, leaving about 10 cm for more abundant growth and bushiness. Also need to periodically pinch the young shoots. Every week the plant should be turned not a quarter turn for symmetrical development.
Difficulties The plant affects whitefly, mealybug, spider mites. The biggest damage is caused by aphids. In general, the plant is quite hardy. Lower leaves may fall as a result of poor lighting and lack of moisture. However, in winter it is a natural process. When the temperature drops below 53,6 ° F, the leaves may fade and fall off. With insufficient watering withered leaves (but quickly restore turgor, if the plant is placed in a bucket of water). When there is a lack of lighting, the leaves turn green and fade. Leaves turn yellow and fall off, and the stems blacken and rot while wetting the soil in the case of poor drainage. The tips of the leaves are dry in dry air or when there is insufficient watering. Leaves can completely fall as a result of exposure to draft or supercooling. On the leaves appear light spots due to excessive lighting. Slow growth is observed with a lack of nutrition.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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