Campanula

Campanula

Life form Grassy, ​​ampel
Family   Bellflowers – Campanulaceae
Origin Southern Europe, Italy
Ease of cultivation Lung.
The size In room conditions – up to 20 cm in height, up to 30 cm – in width.
Growth rate 30-38 cm per season
Lifespan Long-term, but requires an update.
Temperature In summer, cool conditions prevail: up to 75,2 ° F, in winter it can withstand a temperature of 46,4 ° F.
Humidity Increased, need to be sprayed, but you can not get on flowers.
Lighting Bright diffused light. It should be shaded from the midday sun in the summer. The eastern and western windows are more suitable.
The soil Suitable shop soil. For a mixture of own preparation, one should take: 1 part of coarse-grained sand or perlite, 2 parts of leafy earth, 2 parts of turf ground, 2 parts of humus earth. Good drainage is required.
Watering In summer, once a day, next to a warm window, every 2-3 days on the north side (at a temperature below 64,4 ° F). Water approximately every 7-10 days in winter. Water can be hard, because the plant needs lime.
Fertilizer Fertilize should be every 2 weeks with a complex liquid fertilizer.
Reproduction Easily multiplies by stem stems, which should be planted 5-6 pieces in a pot 12 cm in diameter, placing it in a mini-greenhouse for germination. Cuttings easily give roots in water or in a mixture of sand and peat. Can be propagated by seeds that are sown in a mixture of peat and sand. Seedlings appear on the 12th-14th day. A month later the seedlings dive. Then, 5-6 pieces are planted seedlings in pots, not forgetting to pinch the tops for better branching.
Bloom Blossoms from May to October with stellate flowers, the alba variety has white flowers (it is more stable), the grade mayii – light blue.
Transfer In the spring, if roots appear on the surface of the soil. The maximum diameter of the pot is 13 cm. For old plants, it is only possible to replace the top layer of soil (2.5 cm).
Features of care The plant requires regular pruning to form a compact crown, the shoots are cut, leaving a length of up to 5-10 cm. Wilted flowers should be removed in a timely manner. The plant is suitable for hanging baskets.
Difficulties Affects a spider mites, aphids. The leaves turn yellow with a lack of light or nourishment. If the leaves are yellow and spiders appear from below, this is the result of the action of a spider mite. The plant is strongly stretched and stops blooming in a too hot and stuffy atmosphere. From the heat and lack of watering the leaves turn yellow, dry up, curl, the flowers fall off. If too wet, rot may appear at the base of the shoots. In the cold, the leaves die and there is no growth. When too wet and cold, and the flowers rot and are not disclosed. From frost, the leaves turn black.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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