Aucuba

Aucuba

Life form Shrub, tree
Family Cornaceae
Origin East Asia. Japan, the south of the Korean peninsula.
Ease of cultivation Lung
The size The aukuba can reach a height of more than 1.5-2.5 m without trimming.
Growth rate Very high, the stems are 15-20 cm longer each year.
Lifespan Perennial plant, up to 10 years and more in a pot.
Temperature Desirable cool content. In summer: not higher than 68 ° F, in winter 41-50 ° F.
Humidity Average. Carries dry air, but responds well to spraying, especially when the heating is on.
Lighting A diffused light is desirable, a southern window is contraindicated. Easily tolerates low light conditions, however, the growth rate is reduced. Varieties with dark green leaves are more shadowy.
The soil Suitable is light soil. For the soil of own preparation, take: 1 part of turf ground, 1 part of coarse-grained sand or perlite, 1 part of wet peat or humus (leaf land). Good drainage and a hole in the pot are required.
Watering Moderate, in summer, not more often 1 time per week, in winter – every 2 weeks. The soil between watering should be slightly dry.
Fertilizer From spring to August every 3-4 months with soluble mineral or organic fertilizer. Granular fertilizers can be used.
Reproduction The apical cuttings with 1-3 leaves, which are planted in a mixture of peat and sand at the end of winter or early spring, temperature 68-71,6 ° F. The tops of the cuttings for branching immediately pinch. You can propagate by seeds, putting them in a mixture of peat and sand under a polyethylene film, but the plants grow slowly.
Bloom Small reddish flowers collected in apical inflorescences. If a number of growing female and male plants, in place of flowers formed red fruits.
Transfer Young plants are transplanted once in 1-2 years in the spring, and adults – every 2-3 years. Too often should not be transplanted.
Features of care In the summer it is desirable to take out on the street. The plant is resistant even to the smoke from the air. The plant should undergo regular pruning.
Difficulties It is affected by scale insects, spider mites, mealybugs and whiteflies. The leaves turn yellow, fade, their top withers in excess light. The leaves grow smaller in poor soil. The lower leaves prematurely turn yellow and fall off due to abrupt temperature fluctuations or irregular irrigation. The number of yellow spots on the leaves can be reduced due to lack of light or nutrition. Black spots on the leaves from excess moisture in the soil. Leaves can dry from dry air. Slow growth and thin shoots with a shortage of food.
Air cleaning
Toxicity The plant is poisonous. Moderate ingestion of these plants can cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and other symptoms that are not life threatening.


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