Asplenium

Asplenium

Life form Fern
Family Aspleniaceae
Origin Southeast Asia, Australia, Malaysia
Ease of cultivation Easy with little difficulty
The size From 30 to 90 cm in width and height.
Growth rate Average
Lifespan From 3 to 10 years.
Temperature In the summer: 69,8 ° F with low humidity, in winter 53,6-57,2 ° F.
Humidity High. In winter, spray 2 times a day with soft water. It is better to keep a pot in a pallet with wet claydite.
Lighting Shadow or penumbra. Ideally a window facing north or east. If the window facing south, asplenium must be located no closer than 3 m from it.
The soil Suitable shop soil for ferns, must be loose and breathable. For a mixture of homemade vzyt equal parts peat, turf, leaf soil and sand. It is better to add sphagnum and charcoal. Good drainage is required.
Watering Land in the pot should be kept moist, but not allow the overflow (watered 2-3 times a week in the summer). In winter, watering is reduced to 1 time in 8 days at a temperature of 60,8-64,4 ° F.
Fertilizer During growth, every 2 weeks, feed twice diluted with fertilizer.
Reproduction The division of the rhizomes takes place in June. Reproduction spores located at the lower side of the sheet should be used  with bottom heating. Disputes should be put in an envelope and dried. Then put a brick in a plastic box or another vessel and wet peat on its surface. Dilute with distilled water to a height of about 5 cm. Pour the spores on the surface of the peat container and cover glass or plastic cover. Constantly maintain the desired level of water. Place the container in low light conditions. A few months later, green moss will appear on the surface of the peat, and then leaves. Plant plants should be when they reach 5 cm in height. Propagated bulblets begin growing in the spring, forming 3-4 small leaves.
Bloom Ferns do not bloom.
Transfer Young each year, old – as the volume of the pot is filled in the spring. Close pots are preferred. Sometimes the roots stick to the walls of the pot, which has to be broken.
Features of care Avoid drafts and moisture stagnant, especially in the center of the rosette asplenium breeding. Regularly cut the brown tips of the leaves. The dark strips on the underside of the leaves are maturing spores.
Difficulties It is affected by spider mites, mealybugs, thrips, aphids and whiteflies. With a lack of moisture, the leaves turn brown. In dry air, the tips of the leaves dry. Fox omitted, but do not dry at a reduced temperature. The leaves pale and lose their luster in the bright sun. Brown spots on the leaves indicate drafts or too low a temperature.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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