Areca

Areca

Life form Tree
Family Aracaceae
Origin Comoros, Madagascar
Ease of cultivation Easy with small difficulties
The size From 1,5 to 4 m in a pot.
Growth rate Average
Lifespan Perennial plant, from 3 to 8 years and more in a pot.
Temperature In summer: the upper limit is 86 ° F, in the winter the lower limit is 59 ° F. The optimum temperature is 68-71,6 ° F.
Humidity Increased, not less than 50%, except for spraying, it is desirable to put the pot in a tray with wet pebbles.
Lighting Bright diffused light, east window is suitable.
The soil Ready ground is suitable   for lemons. For the soil of own preparation, take: 1 part of turf ground, 1 part of coarse-grained sand or perlite, 1 part of wet peat or humus (leaf land). Requires a pot with a hole.
Watering Abundant with soft water, 1-2 times a week, the soil should be moist all the time.
Fertilizer From spring to autumn, regularly feed once every 2-3 weeks with a soluble fertilizer for palms.
Reproduction Root offspring, which are separated during transplantation. It is possible to propagate seeds that are soaked for 2-3 days in water at a temperature of 86 ° F, are sown in a mixture of peat and perlite and germinate under the film at a temperature of 68-77 ° F. The first sheet appears in 2-3 months.
Bloom In the home culture blooms extremely rarely, in the summer. Flowers – panicles of small yellow or cream flowers. Then dark violet fruits are formed.
Transfer In the spring, once every 2-3 years. Like all palms, it does not respond well to transplantation. In large specimens, it is sufficient to change the topsoil. Requires a deep pot, because roots grow down.
Features of care In the summer it is desirable to take outside. Preferably several young trees planted in one pot.
Difficulties It is affected by a spider mite and chervets. Reddish and brown spots on the leaves indicate fungal diseases and excessive moisture of the soil. The leaves turn yellow with insufficient watering, and dry tips are formed in dry air. On the leaves appear light dry spots with an excess of light, and fade and darken the leaves begin at too low a temperature.
Air cleaning Excellent air purifier. Removes ethyl, methyl alcohol and acetone from the air. Also removes formaldehyde and xylene.
Toxicity


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