Aеоnium

Aеоnium

Life form Succulent
Family Crassulaceae
Origin Distribution area – Arabian Peninsula, Ethiopia, the Mediterranean, Canary Islands
Ease of cultivation Easy to grow a plant with little difficulty
The size Depending on the type from 5 cm to 50-60 cm in height and up to 60 cm in diameter.
Growth rate Over the year, several new leaves and small new rosettes are formed in the outlet.
Lifespan For many years, even those species in which the leaf rosette dies after flowering, one can continue to cultivate.
Temperature In the summer: room, up to 80,6 ° F, in winter it is desirable + 53,6-59 ° F, it transfers a short-term decrease in temperature to + 41 ° F. However, the leaves of the plant are sensitive to frosty air.
Humidity Low, no need to spray. However, it is useful to periodically wipe the leaves with a damp cloth to avoid damage to the plant by pests.
Lighting Bright sun, in the winter fit the windows of the south and south-east orientation. In the summer you need a small make shade, since the very bright light on the leaves appear burned. Plants withstand and light penumbra, but in plants with red leaves, the characteristic color is manifested only in the light.
The soil Suitable shop soil for succulents, with half of it must be sand. For a mixture of own preparation except sand it is necessary to take equal parts of sod and leaf land. One-third of the pot must be drained.
Watering The top layer of soil between waterings in the summer should dry up well. Excess water from the pan should be drained. The plant can rot when water enters the outlet or if it accumulates in the base of the leaves.
Fertilizer During growth, feed once a month with liquid fertilizer in a half dose. Excess nutrients can damage the tender root systems of the plant, and in mottled forms on the leaves may appear bright spots.
Reproduction Easily reproduce by leaf cuttings, apical rosettes or stem cuttings 8-10 cm in length. Rosettes and leaves are enough to dig in the soil (a leaf at 1/3). Stem cuttings root in the sand under the polyethylene, treated with phytohormone cut, periodically ventilating at a temperature of 68-71,6 ° F. Rooted cuttings are transplanted into separate pots and placed in conditions of bright scattered light. (Sometimes plants form air roots, in this case you can cut off the tips of shoots with roots).Can reproduce by seeds (Aeonium tabuliforme), are seeded in February in a mixture of earth and sand sheet (top seeds need not sprinkle ground) and germinated at a temperature of 53,6-57,2 ° F. Fresh seeds germinate easily after 1-2 weeks. Shoots dive and expose to light.
Bloom Yellow, pink, red or white flowers with a diameter of 1.5 cm are collected at the top in the inflorescence – an umbrella. Blossom quite rarely in the spring.
Transfer Usually transplanted each year in the spring when the pot becomes too small for the plant and the roots appear. It has a quite powerful root system and requires a deep pot.
Features of care As the plant grows, a support may be required.
Difficulties Aeonium rarely affected by pests, but spider mites, mealybugs, aphid may appear. When excess watering of plants develop weak drooping shoots, with lack of light, the stems are stretched, loose rosettes develop and the leaves quickly fall off, the leaves become pale, and dark spots may appear on them. Leaves fade, turn yellow and die of excess moisture at low temperatures. The appearance of yellow and brown spots on the leaves can be caused by fungal diseases. Lower leaves fall often as a result of the natural development of plants. If the leaves turn yellow and the areas of the dead tissue appear on them, it is a sunburn. If the leaves of the rosette begin to soften, turn yellow and rot from the middle – this is the result of stagnation of moisture in the middle of the rosette (healthy parts of the plant can be used on the cuttings).
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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