Aechmea

Aechmea

Life form Herbaceous
Family Bromeliaceae
Origin Brazil, Mexico
Ease of cultivation Lung
The size Leaves up to 60 cm long, the plant up to 30 cm wide, up to 1 m in height.
Growth rate Average
Lifespan About 3 years. After flowering, the rosette of the leaves dies, reproduction by the daughter outlets is required
Temperature Not higher than 80,6 ° F in summer, not lower than 60,8 ° F in winter.
Humidity The plant, although not necessarily, but it is desirable to spray with soft, settled water. Leaves can not be wiped
Lighting Bright diffused light, west and east windows are suitable, on the south one needs shading.
The soil Light fertile soil from a mixture of foliage, sand and peat with the addition of sphagnum. You can use one part of peat and coarse sand. Drainage is mandatory.
Watering Keep the soil constantly slightly humid in summer, pour soft settled water into the outlet to a level of about 2.5 cm at least once a week. It is advisable to change this water every 3 weeks. In winter, pour water no more often than every 10-12 days.
Fertilizer From spring to autumn, once every 15 days, use soluble fertilizers in a half dose. They can be sprayed with plant leaves.
Reproduction Children from the mother plant reach a height of about 10-20 cm. For separation, use a sharp knife, sprinkle the cut with charcoal. The baby must have its own roots, otherwise it may not take root. After drying, put the baby in the main substrate, where it is germinated and spray it regularly. Seed propagation is possible, but it is quite difficult. Seeds are germinated in a mini-greenhouse at a temperature of 77 ° F, they are sown in a mixture of sand and sphagnum. The seedlings appear after about 3 weeks. When they have 2-3 leaves (3-4 months), the seedlings should be dived and transplanted into separate pots. Ehmey, grown from seeds, will blossom on the 3rd-4th year
Bloom Inflorescences with bright bracts in the form of an ear.Bracts last for several months
Transfer Growing young plants are transplanted to flowering each year if they seem too large for their pot (the pot serves the plant solely for anchoring). Faded plants are transplanted when there is a need to separate the babies.
Features of care Faded stems are cut with a pruner. The plant can be grown without soil on a piece of bark, in which a hole is cut. In this hole is placed the ehmeya, the roots of which must be wrapped with moss-sphagnum.
Difficulties It is possible that the plant is affected by bromeliad shield and aphids, mealybugs and spider mites. Rotting rosette and peduncle can be observed because of excessive watering at too low a temperature. Leaves shrivel when too hot and dry. Leaf death after flowering – a natural process. The inflorescence and the flower stem become dirty-pink and dry up, and the leaves become sluggish and droop when too cold. If the leaves have become brown, perhaps this is a fungal attack. Sometimes bright green spots appear on the silvery surface of the ehmeya. This happens if silvery scales are erased from the surface of the sheet.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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