Aeschynanthus

Aeschynanthus

Life form Semi-shrub, ampel
Family Gesneriaceae
Origin Southern areas of Asia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, India and Southern China.
Ease of cultivation Easy with small difficulties
The size Drops sprouting up to 60 cm in length.
Growth rate For a year, shoots extend by 15-20 centimeters.
Lifespan The plant is perennial, but over the years it loses decorativeness and requires rejuvenation.
Temperature In the summer: up to 73,4-75,2 ° F, in winter – 16-64,4 ° F. A thermophilic plant is enough. Dangerous sharp temperature changes, for example, when airing in winter.
Humidity Spray regularly with warm, soft water, especially at high temperatures, in the summer every day or several times a week.
Lighting Bright diffused light. The west and east windows are suitable. With a lack of light, the pattern on the leaves disappears.
The soil The soil must be breathable and fertile. Suitable slightly acid soil. 1 part of the leaf earth, 1 part peat, 1 part of large sand or perlite, 1 part sod, chopped moss sphagnum, pieces of coal. Good drainage is required. Always use a pot with an opening
Watering The soil must be constantly moist, but you must not allow overflow. In summer, water once a week with soft water. In winter, water less often, but do not allow the earthen coma to dry out. You can not get water to fall on the flowers.
Fertilizer During the vegetation period from April to October, once in 2-3 weeks, feed with liquid fertilizer, preferably organic. Mineral fertilizers in the period of growth is better to dilute twice the recommended dose, because excess nitrogen will lead to abundant growth and a lack of flowering. In winter, do not fertilize.
Reproduction The apical cuttings (about 10-12 cm long) in the spring, which are easily rooted in a mixture of peat and sand at a temperature of 71,6-77 ° F. Lower leaves should be cut off.Each shank must contain at least 2 pairs of leaves. To accelerate rooting, it is possible to cut the root with a root and cover the cuttings with glass or a film. It takes root for 1-3 weeks. As the cuttings grow, one should pinch. Also cuttings are well rooted in the water. Can be propagated by seeds.
Bloom Blooms June to September, the flowers tubular bright orange, red or yellow (5-8 cm).
Transfer Young plants every year, old – once in 3-4 years in the spring, when the roots will weave the entire earth clod. The new pot should be slightly larger than the previous one.Care should be taken not to shake the ground from the roots.
Features of care After flowering it is desirable to trim shoots. With age, shoots are stretched and bared, in connection with which a periodic renewal of the plant is required. In winter the plant is at rest: it does not bloom or grow. The plant is suitable for hanging baskets. Pressed to the soil shoots can take root and begin to branch.
Difficulties It is affected by spider mite, aphids, scutes, thrips, chervets and whiteflies. Leaves can curl, turn yellow, bury and fall off, and the stems rot in the cold with excessive watering. In summer, the leaves fall from lack of moisture. The leaves turn yellow and twist in too dry soil. The tips of the leaves turn yellow and dry, the tips of the shoots dry out in too dry air. On the leaves there are light spots with excessive light. A weak stunted growth indicates the need for additional fertilization. The bases of the stems decay with an excess of moisture in the soil.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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